The life story of Albert Camus

In the following text, I will tell you the life story of Albert Camus, a world-famous writer.

Albert Camus was a French writer and philosopher. He was born in Mondova, Algeria, on November 7, 1913, and died in Wilbleven, France, on January 4, 1960.

Camus won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957. All the works of this writer are based on the basic idea of the absurdity of human existence. He starts from a negative attitude towards today’s, modern man, and in contrast he idealizes the ancient Greeks.

In the essay “Rebellious Man”, he presents some of his personal views. His religiosity has been the subject of much debate, and in this regard, he wrote “I do not believe in God and I am not an atheist.” He had no connections with ideologies, which he confirmed in an interview.

Childhood and youth

Albert Camus was born into a very poor and partly illiterate French-Algerian family. His father died in 1914, in a battle fought during the First World War. His mother, who was deaf, raised him in very poor living conditions.

In 1923, he acquired the right to a state scholarship, thanks to which he finished high school and attended college at the University of Algeria. He actively played football in his studies. He was the goalkeeper of the university football club.

He fell ill with tuberculosis in 1930. Due to that, he was forced to end his football career, but also to temporarily suspend his studies. In order to feed himself, he had to perform various temporary jobs. He was a private tutor, worked as a meteorologist, and for a time sold car parts.

He continued his studies, and in 1935 he received a philosophical license. He earned a degree in philosophy the following year at the University of Algeria when he successfully defended his dissertation on Christian metaphysics and Neoplatonism.

In the year of his university degree, he successfully started his acting career. He founded the theater company “Workers’ Theater” (Théâtre Du Travail). At that time, in addition to acting, he actively wrote dramatic texts and directed. At the same time, he read a lot of works by Epictetus, Blaise Pascal, Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Marcel Proust, Andre Gide and Malraux. He worked on this job until 1939.

In the period from 1937 to 1939, he began his journalistic career when he wrote for the socialist newspaper “Alger – Républicain”. Some believe that he lost his job when he wrote an article about the bad conditions in which the peasants from the city of Kabila find themselves. He also worked for the newspaper “Soir – Republican”.

In Algeria, he published a collection of essays, “Face and Face”, in 1937. He published another book, also a collection of essays, two years later. The book is entitled “Feasting”.

When World War II began, Camus volunteered for the French army. He was not drafted into the army due to his poor health. He continued writing. He worked for the newspaper “Paris – Soir”.

In 1941, he finished his first novel “The Stranger” and the essay “The Myth of Sisyphus”. Both of these papers were published in Paris.

Politics

In order to support the fight for equality between Europeans and natives in Algeria, Camus begins to engage in politics. Thus, in 1935, he joined the Communist Party of France.

The following year, the Algerian Communist Party was founded. The goal of founding this party was to advocate for the independence of Algeria. Camus also became active in the newly founded party, which did not like the members of the Communist Party of France, from which he was expelled in 1937.

He then began collaborating with the French anarchist movement (Anarchist Andre Prudhommeaux). He became a sympathizer of this movement in 1948, when he was presented at a meeting of the “Circle des Etudiants Anarchists”.

At that time, Camus studied anarchist philosophy, and also collaborated and wrote for anarchist magazines: “Le Libertaire”, “La révolution Proletarienne” and “Solidaridad Obrera”. Camus and the anarchists expressed numerous support for the protesting workers.

At the beginning of World War II, Camus declared himself a pacifist. As he witnessed some events during the war, such as the execution of Gabriel Péri, he began to show more and more revolt against the Germans. From 1942, he actively cooperated in the resistance movement.

Love life

Albert Camus married twice. He first married Simone Hie in 1934.

His other wife’s name was Francine Faure. They were married in 1940. Francine was a mathematician and pianist. Although he married twice and truly loved, Camus was not a supporter of the institution of marriage because he considered it unnatural.

On September 5, 1945, Camus became a father. Francine gave birth to twins Catherine and Joan (Catherine and Jean). He never completely reconciled with the institution of marriage, he often jokingly pointed out that marriage was not for him.

Writer’s career

Camus was a member of the Combat resistance movement during World War II. This organization, in its work against Nazism, regularly published a magazine of the same name. Camus worked under the pseudonym Beauchard. He became the editor-in-chief of this magazine in 1944. He was against the use of the atomic bomb, and this attitude was often emphasized. He worked for this magazine until 1947, when he left it voluntarily.

After the war, he traveled throughout the United States and gave lectures on French philosophy there. In 1951, he published his work “Rebellious Man”. In this essay, he emphasizes rebellion and revolution. By this work he showed impartiality to communism. The book shocked many thinkers. Many of his friends then turn their backs on him. It puts pacifism in the foreground. He hoped for equality and justice in society.

Camus was afflicted with depression due to poor criticism of his work. For a time he stopped writing and translated plays by foreign authors. He spent two years in solitude due to tuberculosis.

Camus contributed to philosophy by elaborating his theory of the absurd through creativity. The theory of the absurd is based on the realization that people throughout life strive to grasp the meaning of existence, and that meaning is impossible to achieve in this world. “The Myth of Sisyphus” is a clear presentation of the theory of the absurd, while it permeates other works of this writer, such as “The Stranger” and “The Plague”.

In the work “The Stranger”, Camus elaborated the theory of the absurd through the character of the main character who does not adapt to the modern system. His inability to lie, honesty in the full sense of the word, puts him at a disadvantage in a structurally complex society. On this basis, he is punished by the same society, and that is not based on murder, but on his absolute sincerity about his indifference to his mother’s death. “The Stranger” begins with the cult sentence of the main character Merco: “My mother died today, and maybe yesterday.” He chooses inferiority to the world because he knows that the death penalty comes from a lying, cold, and cruel society.

In the work “Plague” he examines moral concepts. Gradually, the plague epidemic develops more and more, and people are persistently fighting it, instead of succumbing to this disease. Camus elaborates on the meaning of solidarity. People get the opportunity to understand individual suffering as absurd.

Many critics classified Albert Camus as an existentialist. He denied this epithet with the essay “Enigma”. Camus has dedicated most of his life to human rights. In the 1950s, he protested many times in public when he saw that someone was being harmed in any way or if he thought that any activities would violate human rights.

He remains with pacifism, and especially advocates the abolition of the death penalty. An essay emerged from his fight against the death penalty when he co-authored it with writer Arthur Koestler. From 1954, during the Algerian war, he advocated the rescue of civilians through a civil truce. He worked for Algerian prisoners who were executed.

He was involved in business related to L’Express magazine between 1955 and 1956. After that, in 1957, he received the greatest literary recognition of his life, the Nobel Prize for Literature. The Swedish Academy presented him with this prestigious literary award for his serious literary work, which emphasizes many contemporary problems.

Tragic death

Albert Camus lost his life in a car accident. He died on January 4, 1960. He was traveling by car that day quite by accident, as a train ticket was found in his coat. He started the handover of the Paris theater, which he was supposed to lead from that day.

The fatal car “Facel Vega” was driven by his friend Michel Gallimard, who also lost his life together with his two children.

Camus was buried in the town of Lourmarin. From that day on, his children own the copyright to all his works. His posthumously published works are “Happy Death” and “The First Man”.

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