Andy Warhol’s life story

In this success story, we are going to share Andy Warhol’s life story, an American artist, filmmaker, producer, and photographer who had a prolific impact on the world of art.

The influence of Andy Warhol has shaken up the art world left it forever altered. Initially dismissed by New York’s established artists, Warhol reveled in international super stardom and critical acclaim. He founded the concept of pop art and created a multimedia Factory in New York City, where some of the most fabulous and most glamorous people of the 60s hung out.

Warhol rarely delved into typical boys activities. Instead, he spent his childhood fascinating himself with movies, comics, photography, and drawing. Ever since he was a kid, he showed his intellectuality, which was much admired by those who knew him. His rebellious attitude not only gained him critical acclaim in the world of fine art but also laid the groundwork for a new genre of music to be born out of New York City.

It all starts at a small kitchen table where Julia Warhola gathers her three children to tell them the history of their family.

Family History

The legend begins in the village of Mikova, a small outpost of the Austro-Hungarian empire in the Carpathian Mountains. The people of Mikova were Byzantine Catholics whose allegiance was with the Russian Orthodox church in Kyiv. They were God-loving peasants; handsome men, and pretty women with soft skin, contrary to the depiction of Ruthenians in Bram Stoker’s Dracula. Andy’s father Andrei was among those handsome men, rocking a glamorous mustache with his baggy white trousers tucked into dirty working boots.

The war had lost the Warholas most of their possessions, including their home and Julia’s husband Andrei. Andrei was in America making money, a separation that would last nine years. After the war, a significant flu epidemic killed tons of people in Europe, especially in the Carpathians. Having to support three children in extreme poverty, Julia was determined to emigrate to America and find her husband. She borrowed $160 from a local priest, put her children in a horse cart, train, and then ship to make her way to America in 1921.

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Like his mother, Andy would often exaggerate his childhood, painting a dramatic depiction of a family in poverty and being the youngest sibling who was often bullied and misunderstood. Andy frequently lied about his age and place of birth. In the 1971 film Andy Warhol, he is portrayed to have been born at midnight in the midst of a fire.

Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh was a dirty working-class city in the 20s. One miner was quoted saying, “This is hell if there is a hell anywhere.” Humans had to live in abominable habitats, faced with horrendous ugliness and revolting smells twenty-four hours a day. In fact, there was so much smog that cars had to drive with their headlights on during the day.

Pittsburgh was where many immigrants came to work. In this dirty place, their only escape was alcohol and prostitution. Unlike many Ruthenian immigrants, Andrei neither gambled nor drank.

Early Life

Andy Warhol was born on August 06, 1928, in the family’s bedroom. It was just one year before the Great Depression hit America. Early life in Pittsburgh wasn’t very glamorous, and Andy often got sick.

Andy developed a fear of hospitals and doctors. His medical conditions often led him to stay in bed during school-days. It turned him into a bit of an outcast amongst kids. It also led to Andy developing a significant bond with his mother. Amongst the smog and depression of Pittsburgh, Andy appeared almost like a cartoonist Cinderella type of character.

Elementary School

The Family moved into a better neighborhood of Oakland. It was like going into a different world. Andy Warhol was able to attend a safer elementary school where he wasn’t bullied for the way he looked and for his funny immigrant last name. While all the boys played softball and football and went swimming in Schenley Park, Andy mostly stuck to himself and drew with crayons. He was very observant and knowledgeable and disliked most of the typical boy activities.

Andy often hung around girls instead of guys. His best childhood friend was a Ukrainian girl Margie Girman. They looked similar regarding size and build. Andy would usually be found playing with Margie on the street or waiting for her on her doorstep. Andy modeled himself after Margie, who always stimulated Andy to do well in school. They have a photograph together when they were seven years old. Their expressions and stance are very similar to one another, almost as if they had the same personality. Part of Andy wanted to be Margie.

At school, Andy’s reputation as a crybaby often forced people to overlook that he was suffering from a strange condition. He started getting shaking hands and slurring his speech, finding it hard to sit or stand. It came down to not being able to write his name or tie his shoelaces. When the family called Dr. Zeedick, he immediately diagnosed Andy with a mild case of “St. Vitus’ dance” and ordered him to stay at home for at least a month.

Developing as a Young Artist

Staying home wasn’t all anti-productive as Andy soon took up drawing, listening to the radio, and collecting pictures of celebrities. Upon reflection, Warhol stated that this was a pivotal point in his development as an artist. Spending time at home helped him attain a skill set, understand his personal preferences, and develop his unique character. The drawing was his favorite childhood activity.

Andy was an avid movie fan. When his mother bought him a camera at the age of 9, he got into photography. He set up a darkroom in the basement and developed his own photos. Andy Warhol enjoyed all sorts of artistic activity and even took free art classes at the Carnegie Institute while attending school.

The month of detachment from the outside world was a blessing for Andy. He was finally allowed to do what he loved for a month straight. Julia provided him with movie magazines, comic books, and cut out paper dolls, and he was always engaged in art. Andy colored books, ran the house radio, made collages with magazine illustrations, watched films, and daydreamed. Andy’s oldest brother Paul showed him how to put wax on the surface of a comic strip and turn the image over on white paper. It was the lesson of reproducing an image on a different paper, a process that stuck with Andy throughout his maturation as an artist.

In fact, Andy ended up staying at home for two months, after a violent incident with his neighbor left him in worse condition than before. He simply didn’t want to go back in fear that kids would beat him up. Andy hated physical violence and stayed away from it. When Andy finally went back to school, he was put ahead of the other kids, even though he missed two whole months.

Andrei’s Passing

In the meanwhile, Andrei worked so hard that he often came back home with enough energy to stand outside, silently watering the garden with a hose. Andrei was tough. He could stop the fighting or argue of the three brothers with a threatening glance that scared the boys stiff. Julia begged Andrei to stop overworking. Their eldest son Paul was already working and brought the salary to the house, so it was no longer necessary for Andrei to overwork. Yet, the father still pushed himself to take every opportunity he could. His most significant concern was what would happen to his savings after he died.

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The tragedy struck when Andrei passed away from liver complications. In profound misery, Andy hid under his bed throughout his father’s funeral. In his will, Andrei stated that all of his life savings would go towards Andy’s education.

With Andrei gone and Paul soon to be married, Andy and Julia clung to each other through the vulnerable times. Julia soon suffered from ill health, something that greatly troubled and scared Andy. Her condition got so bad that she called a doctor to the house who diagnosed her with colon cancer. At best, her chances of survival were fifty-fifty.

Julia had undergone a painful operation that was successful against all the odds. Andy burst into the hospital on the day of the surgery asking, “Did Momma die?” They prayed a lot for the good health of his mother. When Andy had nowhere else to turn, he turned to God. His praying helped him much in his early life.

Adolescence & High School

On the day his mother returned from the hospital, Andy’s angelic beauty disappeared. Puberty struck him furiously. His nose became more prominent, and his skin condition started showing. He rarely ate and turned skinny. The Cinderella character of Andy Warhol begun morphing with the role of Dracula – a transformation that later earned him the nickname Drella amongst his superstar friends.

The lucky thing was that Pittsburgh was the right place to study art in the 30s and 40s. Some of the leading collectors of the world were there, and they sponsored exhibitions and art classes for talented young people. While going to Schenley High school, Andy took advantage of these courses and attended them regularly.

The school housed a mix of students of different races. The art department was right, and that was where Andy spent lots f his time. Both students and teachers at Schenley recognized that he was a talented young individual. Andy was not picked on in this school. His brother John recalls that there was even an Irish boy who protected him. He later became a policeman.

Andy drew lots of his friends, who often huddled around his desk to watch. Wherever he went, he had his sketchbook with him. Drawings piled up in his room. Throughout his school years, Andy remained close to his childhood friend Margie Girman and her friend Mina. Mina wasn’t a trendy girl in school, but Andy often complimented her and told her she had beautiful hair and good taste in clothes.

Andy’s success with girls stirred jealousy with the boys. They wondered how could this strange looking pimply faced high-pitched Warhola talked so quickly to the girls that made other boys shake nervously.

As a teenager, Andy was a movie junkie. He enjoyed commercial Warner Brothers films with Humphrey Bogart, as well as Tom and Jerry and Mickey Mouse cartoons. Andy spent a lot of times near the radio listening to the war. The voices of Churchill, Hitler, and Edward R. Murrow permeated the household. His favorite radio character was the Shadow, and his favorite subject of war conversation was the death toll. Andy observed earthquakes, circus fires, railroad accidents, plane crashes, electric chairs, strange suicides, and various death related things. Back then, the newspapers barely filtered the gruesome imagery of death, and for Andy, it was the grislier, the better.

Graduation & College

Andy Warhol was close friends with the art teacher and wanted to become one himself. After graduating from Schenley High school in 1945, that was precisely what Andy planned to do. He already got accepted into the University of Pittsburgh and the Carnegie Institute of Technology, so he had a choice. Andy’s final decision was to study commercial art at the Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Andy took every possibility presented to him at college. He joined a dance club and an art society. He became art director of a student magazine called Cano, making two illustrations in 1948 and 1949. Those are considered to be his first ever published artworks. Andy Warhol graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in pictorial design in 1949.

Later that year, Andy dropped the “a” at the end of his last name to become Andy Warhol, and moved to New York City with his mother. He started out as a commercial artist career with magazine illustration and advertising. Within a year of being in New York, Warhol has worked with Columbia records, Harper’s Bazaar, Tiffany & Co., Glamour Magazine, and Vogue.

New York City

Upon establishing himself an acclaimed graphic artist, Warhol was able to turn to painting and drawing. His first exhibition was entitled Fifteen Drawings Based on the Writings of Truman Capote and displayed at the Hugo Gallery in 1952. Warhol eventually began using some photo-based techniques that he developed while working as an illustrator. His work matured and stood out, being in his specific style. Lots of art establishments took notice of Warhol’s artistic prowess and offered him a collaboration.

Andy Warhol lived in New York with his mother in an apartment on East 75th Street. It was around 1953-1955 that he dyed his hair silver to become the iconic Warhol as we know him. Apart from painting, Warhol published several books including Twenty Five Cats Named Sam, and One Blue Pussy. He traveled the world with his friend and television-set designer Charles Lisanby in 1956. That same year, his work displayed in a group exhibition held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.

Warhol soon began receiving outstanding feedback for his work. Between 1956 and 1957, he won three awards and gained a publication in Life magazine for an illustration he did. When the music record industry began expanding, Warhol was first on RCA’s list for designing album covers and promotional art.

It is in the late 1950s that Warhol developed his iconic painting techniques. He used tracing paper and ink to create endless variations on the same image. Warhol also developed his silkscreen printmaking technique, becoming one of the first people to use it. Warhol later recalled his process by saying, “When you do something exactly wrong, you always turn up something.

Pop Art

In 1961, Andy Warhol debuted with his concept of pop art. It wasn’t until the Campbell’s soup cans exhibition in 1962 that pop art stirred a hurricane in the art world. The show paved the way for Warhol’s debut in the national spotlight. It was at the Stable Gallery, where the exhibition took place. There, Andy met the poet and would be Warhol superstar John Giorno. Giorno would star in Warhol’s Sleep, his first film that he made in 1963.

Once you ‘got’ pop, you could never see a sign the same way again. And once you thought pop, you could never see America the same way again,” those were Andy’s words regarding pop art.

Even though Warhol did garner praise from those who ‘got it,’ it was very balanced out with the negative reception that he also received. The art world expressed lots of rage towards pop artists such as Warhol during a symposium at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Critics were embarrassed by Warhol’s embrace of consumer and market culture. This set the tone for the kind of reception Warhol will often receive for his work.

A 1964 exhibit entitled The American Supermarket proved a pivotal point in Andy’s career. It was held in Paul Bianchini’s Upper East Side gallery and presented a classic American supermarket environment, outfitted with meat, posters, canned goods, etc. The exhibit featured several prominent pop artists of the time including Warhol. At the exhibition, Warhol sold paintings of his Campbell’s soup cans for $1,500 each and individual autographed cans for $6. This exhibit is considered one of the first events to confront the public with the notion of pop art and explore what art could mean in general.

The 1960s was when Warhol made some of his most iconic paintings. Dollar bills, mushroom clouds, Coca-Cola bottles, and electric chairs, Marilyn Monroe, Muhammad Ali, as well as other various celebrities. One of his controversial works of the time was a newspaper headline which depicted police dogs attacking African-American protesters at the Birmingham Campaign during the Civil Rights Movement. Andy has always been fascinated by “pop” culture. This is what he had to say about Coca-Cola:

What’s great about this country is that America started the tradition where the richest consumers buy essentially the same things as the poorest. You can be watching TV and see Coca-Cola, and you know that the President drinks Coca-Cola, Liz Taylor drinks Coca-Cola, and just think, you can drink Coca-Cola, too. A Coke is a Coke, and no amount of money can get you a better Coke than the one the bum on the corner is drinking. All the Cokes are the same, and all the Cokes are good. Liz Taylor knows it, the President knows it, the bum knows it, and you know it.

It is interesting to see how this concept works in the Blade Runner (1982) movie, where a trashed dystopian Earth, with most humans off the planet, still has a Coca-Cola advertisement which can be seen vividly among the metropolitan chaos.

The factory

In 1964, Warhol opened an art studio known as “The factory.” It was in a large warehouse, painted mostly silver on the inside. The factory was another statement of Andy’s. He took the analytical and highly personal aspects of art creation and demolished them by forming an art production machine that was his studio. Very quickly, word of the Factory spread through the art world, and it became the go-to place in New York. Wealthy celebrities, public figures, and intellectuals attended the lavish parties and gatherings at the Factory. To get a picture of the kind of figures you’d find there, simply take a listen to Lou Reed’s “Walk on the Wild Side.”

A significant aspect of Andy’s work is collaboration. Gerard Malanga, a frequenter at the Factory and friend of Andy’s, assisted him with various work. They produced silkscreens, films, and sculpture. When Andy was looking for a band, it was Malanga who brought him to see The Velvet Underground playing in a small cafe. Billy Name, Brigid Berlin, Mary Woronov, Nico, Edie Sedgwick, Ultra Violet, Candy Darling, were all fascinating characters always present in Andy’s glamorous silver painted studio.

The Velvet Underground

An overlooked contribution of Andy’s was one that he made to the world of music. The Velvet Underground proved significantly influential on alternative music, spawning punk rock in New York. Every band from the CBGBs club cited the Velvet Underground as a primary influence on their art. Andy spectacularly hosted Velvet Underground concerts, calling it the Exploding Plastic Inevitable. It included the band playing behind a film screening with psychedelic lights dancing around the room. Gerard Malanga and his dancing partner embodied the spirit of the heavily experimental music. While performing in Los Angeles to disgusted crowds of hippies, Malanga made a significant impact on a young college student who went on to become the Lizard King of rock’n’roll – Jim Morrison of The Doors.

Andy Warhol was the spectator who would be found observing the scene from the balcony. The legend goes that the Velvet Underground & Nico (1967) album didn’t sell many copies, but everyone who bought a copy went on to form a band. The noise, the darkness, the reality, the spectacle stirred a hurricane in the world of music which at the time was playing it safe with Greenwich Village folk songs. The west coast was all about peace and love, happiness, LSD, and marijuana. The gritty New York did not connect with that rhetoric. The factory scene set ground for state-altering drugs in the art world, such as amphetamine and heroin. Warhol and many of his friends frequently delved into experimentation with such substances in the sixties.

Andy’s unorthodox approach, his freedom of experimentation gave The Velvet Underground the possibility of changing the music world. Even though promotional tactics were applied, the Velvets were allowed to create experimental music that broke all boundaries. Songs like “Heroin” and the lengthy “Sister Ray” got them banned from radio stations. Such concepts in music were virtually unthinkable. Music was clean and commercial. So was the Velvet Underground in the way Andy presented them. But when the listener peeled off the first layer, they found themselves in a harsh and true reality – which was ugly yet so attractive and glamorous.

Andy Warhol Superstars

Many of Andy’s friends and collaborators became known as “Andy Warhol Superstars.” They starred in his film, acted as models, and hung out with him regularly – creating a sort of a clique. As Warhol became a regular fixture at the most infamous nightclubs in New York City, his Warhol Gang always tagged along, creating an eccentric and bohemian atmosphere. Andy enjoyed being a celebrity, saying that “more than anything people just want stars.”

Attempted Murder

Not all of Andy’s collaborators had been huge fans. A radical feminist writer Valerie Solanas, who had a lesser presence in the Factory, starred in one of Warhol’s films entitled I, a Man (1967). Apparently, Solanas was kicked out of the Factory after asking them to return a script that she had given Andy. Later that day, she shot Warhol and Mario Amaya, at the studio.

Both men survived although Warhol was severely wounded. Apparently, to stimulate movement in his body, doctors had to open his chest and massage his heart. Warhol spent weeks in the hospital recovering. This assassination attempt had a profound impact on Warhol, who suffered physical aftereffects and had to wear a surgical corset. His art also became different after the shooting.

Solanas turned herself in on the day following the shooting. She explained that her actions were influenced by the fact that Andy had too much control over her life. Solanas was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia and had fallen under the control of the Department of Corrections.

For many, the shooting marked the end of the Factory 60s. Warhol commented on the attack: “Before I was shot, I always thought that I was more half-there than all-there — I always suspected that I was watching TV instead of living life. People sometimes say that the way things happen in movies is unreal, but actually, it’s the way things happen in life that’s unreal. The movies make emotions look so strong and real, whereas when things really do happen to you, it’s like watching television — you don’t feel anything. Right when I was being shot and ever since, I knew that I was watching television. The channels switch, but it’s all television.

The 1970s

In the 70s, Warhol delved into various other forms of media. He published several books, including The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B & Back Again) (1975) and Andy Warhol’s Exposures (1979). Along with Gerard Malanga, Andy Warhol founded Interview magazine. Warhol’s experimentation led him to produce over 60 films throughout his career. His film Sleep (1964) depicts poet and early collaborator John Giorno sleeping naked for six hours. Another underground movie called Chelsea Girls (1966) portrayed several Andy Warhol superstars on a split screen. Directed by Warhol and Paul Morrissey, there’s barely any plot. Watching this film can make one feel like they’re hanging out in the Factory with Warhol and the gang.

Compared to the 60s, the 70s were mostly a quiet decade for Warhol. Critics observed his art and his personality shifting towards a more entrepreneurial approach. Warhol enjoyed making portraits for various wealthy patrons including a Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and his wife, Empress Farah Pahlavi. Mick Jagger and John Lennon were also on the list. The most famous portrait that Warhol made was one of Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong in 1973. In his book The Philosophy of Andy Warhol, he said: “Making money is art, and working is art, and good business is the best art.

This was the time when Warhol could be found socializing in Max’s Kansas City and Studio 54. People described him as an observer, the shy and quiet type, while an art critic depicted him as the “white mole of Union Square.” In 1979, Warhol became one of the founders of the New York Academy of Art.

Warhol got criticized for becoming a “business artist” in the 70s. He didn’t receive positive feedback for his 1970s exhibits of celebrities. They were considered superficial and stale. Critics attacked them for “lack of depth.” Many believed that lots of what Warhol did in the 70s, including his Jewish Geniuses’ exhibition were simply to sell. In hindsight, those works became prominent in representing America in those times. The superficiality and commerciality of the works have captured 1970s American culture in a way that nothing else did. Andy Warhol knew what he was doing. Here he comments on his appreciation of Hollywood glamour: “I love Los Angeles. I love Hollywood. They’re so beautiful. Everything’s plastic, but I love plastic. I want to be plastic.

The 1980s

The Neo-Expressionism and Transavantgarde movements were fresh in the world of art during the 1980s. Delving into collaboration and friendships with promising younger artists, Warhol re-emerged in the spotlight during the 80s. The New York art market was a “bull market” meaning that lots of money came in fast. Along with sculpture and photography, Warhol worked on television. He hosted Andy Warhol’s TV (1983–1984) and Andy Warhol’s Fifteen Minutes (1985-1987) on MTV. Warhol also planned on expanding his business further by creating a hotel.

Health Issues & Death

Towards the mid-80s, Warhol suffered from chronic issues related to his gallbladder that eventually led to his untimely death. On February 20, 1987, Warhol was taken to a New York Hospital where he had surgery to remove his gallbladder. The surgery went well, and he was expected to recover. However, several days later, he suffered complications that resulted in a cardiac arrest. Andy Warhol died in his sleep on February 22, 1987. He was 58.

Andy Warhol had always been afraid of hospitals and doctors. His family sued the hospital for inadequate care and malpractice, a case that was settled when the Warhol family received an undisclosed sum of money from an undisclosed source. Like the case of John Lennon, who also died in a New York City hospital, there are numerous suspicions regarding the real reason for Warhol’s death. In the book Up-Tight: the Story of the Velvet Underground (1983), Gerard Malanga writes: “Andy Warhol was murdered in an NY hospital by mange-ridden running dogs for the underground fascist regime that really operates the monopoly game of America. He was a genius and a Saint and a “bad” man. Without him, no Lou Reed, no Nico, no Velvet Underground. Point. Set. Match. Fuck* everybody who killed him. May they suffer long and hard in the hot sun.

Initial Dismissal & Andy’s Response

The first works that Warhol ever submitted to an art gallery were homoerotic drawings of male nudes. In the 60s, this was unheard-of, and these works were rejected for the fact that they were openly gay. In the book, POPism: The Warhol Sixties (1980), Andy Warhol reveals to filmmaker Emile de Antonio the difficulty of being accepted socially by the more famous gay artists.

The 50s and 60s were a crucial moment in the development of Warhol’s persona. He would often refuse to comment on his art or talk about himself. Instead, his responses would be something like “Um, no” and “Um, yes.” Warhol’s evolution is a response to how the inner circles of the New York art world first dismissed him.

Andy Warhol Changed the World

Andy Warhol’s work was his life, and his life was his work. He satirized and celebrated celebrity, consumerism, and pop culture. His paintings distorted culture and money obsessed industries and brands. His focus on consumer goods and pop icons, his dismissal, and acceptance of cash and celebrity gave an interesting comment on the aspects of American culture that his work satirized. Through this lens, Andy Warhol changed the world.

The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh and the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts were established after his death. Through these institutions and the inspiration that he gifted to so many, Andy remains a fascinating cultural icon. Throughout his life, Andy was a collector. He had the eye for beauty and saw art in everyday objects. He collected Native American artifacts, early arcade equipment, and various works by artists. Most of his works are now in the Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh. In the years since his death, his importance only keeps growing.

“Making money is art and working is art, and good business is the best art.” – Andy Warhol

 

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A life story of Ajay Garg

In this text, I will describe to you a life story of Ajay Garg, of an Indian painter.

Ajay Garg, born Shri Ajay Kumar Garg, is a very talented artist based in Jaipur, India. As the result of an injury he suffered at 3 years old, Ajay received a treatment that left him permanently deaf. His parents noticed shortly after this sad event that Ajay seemed happiest when he would paint using a paint set that was gifted to him. Ajay’s father saw that he showed talent in painting so when Ajay was 5 years old, a court artist of Dholpur (Rajasthan), Shri Sua Lal saw his painting and was very impressed with his work. Shri Sua Lal then took Ajay under his wing and his art training begun.

After finishing his education, Ajay tried his hand at being trained in the field of Tailoring but that didn’t make him happy so he went back to painting which led to him being an apprentice of Asha Devi of Jaipur who taught Ajay the old and dying technique of Traditional Indian Miniature Painting. He also learned the technique of preparing colors and brushes and later gained the full knowledge of paintings becoming quite an accomplished artist in the miniature style of painting. Ajay uses a magnifying glass and a single-haired brush to create his miniature paintings that depict both traditional and contemporary aspects of Indian culture. In addition to his paintings on canvas, Ajay is gifted in the practice of creating images on single grains of rice.

In 1991, Ajay started exhibiting his work and during his first exhibit he sold 144 out of the 150 paintings shown. His second exhibit was in 1992 and until 2004, he continued to show his work throughout his home country, the United States and the United Kingdom. In 2004, Ajay was awarded a national award of accomplishment from Indian President, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. In 2012, Ajay and his family came to the United States for the second time to exhibit his work in Portland, Oregon and Seattle, Washington.

Ajay is very actively involved in the welfare of the Deaf community in his home country of India and has been the executive member of the Deaf & Dumb association in Rajasthan. He also gives free training to hearing impaired children in Jaipur as well as children in an orphanage in Gandhi Nagar, Jaipur. One of Ajay’s current goals is to expand his artwork to people who are lovers of the dying art of traditional miniature Indian paintings. Ajay is in the process of creating a website to better showcase his work online.

This story once again confirms that when believe in yourself any of your dreams may come true.

 

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The life story of Freddie Mercury

In this success story, we are going to share the life story of Freddie Mercury, a British singer and songwriter, record producer, lead singer of the band Queen, an unmatched performer and vocalist, with a vocal palette of four octaves. Mercury is easily the most flamboyant persona in the music industry.

Mercury is defined by his tendency to take things farther than everyone else. The music, the performances, the partying, and his unmatched ambition to become the greatest, a title which he achieved at the iconic Live Aid performance. Mercury loved music from an early age, delved into art and fashion at university, and brought all of his eccentricity to the world stage as the frontman of Queen.

Although he was shy and reserved as a person, everybody had treated him like a rock star even before he became famous. He had that aura about him, attracting attention. Unlike most who talk about their ambitions, Mercury always walked the extra mile and achieved them.

This is his story.

Background

Freddie Mercury’s life fell into an odd mix of cultures from an early age. The place he was born, Stone Town in Zanzibar, was a famous historical and artistic attraction. Lots of tourists from East Africa came to Stone Town to experience the mix of Arabic, Persian, Indian, and European cultures. The architecture of Stone Town is fascinating, and it is still a city with a thriving tourist business.

Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara) was born in Stone Town in Zanzibar on September 05, 1946, with supernaturally large front teeth, Mercury had developed musicality from an early age. His father, Bomi Bulsara (1908–2003), worked for the government, a civil servant and his mother, Jer Bulsara (1922–2016), would raise him at home. She recalls playing lots of different music around the house, which Freddie enjoyed. The range of styles was very vast, from Indian music to Folk music, to English music. Freddie’s early hobby was to pick up records and start singing them, as a result broadening his musical tastes from a very early age. Mercury also enjoyed performing for others. His mother also recalled how every time there was a party; he would pick up the microphone and sing.

Stone Town was then located in the British protectorate of Zanzibar. Therefore, Mercury had already been born a British citizen. Lots of western music and pop and fashion magazines also flooded in. Stone Town was very well-connected to the Western world, and Freddie used that to his advantage. Although the film Bohemian Rhapsody (2018) depicted a very conservative family, Mercury’s parents, especially his mom, were very supportive of his creativity.

Mercury’s parents were Parsi, which translates to ‘Persian.’ The Parsi community resulted from a migration of Zoroastrians to India from Persia during the 600s AD. Their main religion is Zoroastrianism, and Freddie’s parents were heavy practitioners, although religion wasn’t ever a substantial part of Freddie’s identity. His rock star tendencies often went against the norms of his family and resulted in conflict, especially with his father. Mercury, however, was focused on following his dream rather than upholding family traditions, and his family was forced to accept it.

Early life

After a fruitful childhood in Zanzibar, Freddie Mercury was placed in a boarding school for boys in India. St. Peter’s High School was a perfect place for Mercury to excel at his abilities. The school principal remembers Mercury being an exemplary student in sports, music, and art. Going to school at the age of seven, helped Mercury to train a sense of independence in Mercury, as it would for any boarding school kid. Freddie’s large teeth are very prominent in his childhood photographs.

Continuing to train his musicality, Mercury took piano lessons at the age of seven. The piano is a very versatile instrument for a musician, giving many more possibilities than a guitar. Musicians who write piano music compose more complex compositions than guitarists, and this can be observed in Freddie Mercury’s songwriting in Queen.

Queen was far from Mercury’s first band, and he had several of them. His first band was called the Hectics, formed when he was only twelve years old. They did rock and roll covers of artists like Little Richard and Cliff Richard, and most other famous Western artists at the time. The focus was really around rock and roll. It was around that time when he began calling himself “Freddie Bulsara”, rather than his real name Farrokh Bulsara. Mercury also went around calling boys ‘darling’, which was a very awkward thing for a boy to call other boys.

The Hectics frequently played in the hall of St. Peter’s High School, featuring a Quarrymen-like lineup with Mercury rocking the piano. Mercury’s teacher is quoted, saying, “Remove the piano, and there is nothing left of the Hectics.” It was a noisy, dirty breed of rock and roll, and it was very harmonious at the same time to the point when even older teachers enjoyed the Hectics music. In all stereotypes of the era, older people despised rock and roll because of its dumbed-down simplicity. That was not the case with the Hectics.

There was zero stage fright in Freddie Mercury. He was a fantastic performer, having removed all shyness and gained confidence from an early age. The school was very proud of the Hectics; they were the Elvis of St. Peter’s. The school itself was very tranquil. The area was peaceful and beautiful: the perfect environment for a young artist to cultivate his dreams. And Mercury’s biggest dream was to become a musician.

Relocation to England

In 1964, Zanzibar was shaken by a violent revolution. Zanzibar is an ethnically diverse state. Britain had granted it independence in 1963. Although the Arab minorities who held power, refused to give it up, resulting in a revolution, the overthrow of the Sultanate of Zanzibar and the establishment of the People’s Republic of Zanzibar.

Freddie Mercury finished studying St. Peter’s just in time for the revolution to be in full flight. When he came back to Zanzibar, people were dying, and many civilians who did not participate in the revolution became the victims of it. The Bulsara family fled from Zanzibar, moving to a small house at 22 Gladstone Avenue in London.

England was a sharp contrast to Zanzibar. Rain and traffic jams had replaced the eccentric architecture, the beautiful nature, the smell of the sea. The family found themselves in a very different lifestyle; Mercury’s father no longer worked for the government, and they didn’t have servants as they used to though Mercury kept very optimistic. Moving to England meant that he got to be at the hotspot for Western music, art, and fashion, which he indulged in as a kid. He always motivated his family, reassuring them that they will find something to do in England.

Moving to such a radically different place made Mercury stands out from boys his age. Back then, the fashion for hairstyles in England was long and shaggy. But Mercury still sported the old Cliff Richard and Elvis look, which was a bit too fifties. Being an artist with as broad a taste as Freddie’s gives you a ‘chameleon’ quality. It is natural to watch other people, look out for details in their style, and let them weave into your personality. And that’s just what Freddie Mercury did. To his family’s horror, he grew his hair long to fit in more with the English fashion. That’s the Mercury look you get on the first few Queen records.

College years

From early on, Mercury knew that he wanted to study art. That was his scene. However, he was not academically fit for art college, having only the Hectics to his art portfolio. Alas, his experience in the Hectics did not say much for London, and Freddie Mercury ended up enrolling at a polytechnic school, isleworth Polytechnic, instead where he studied art. He left that school in the spring of 1966 a straight-A student.

In the autumn of 1966, Freddie Mercury finally got what he wanted when he enrolled at Ealing Art College to study graphic design. This school was immensely crucial for Mercury as he finally got fully blast of the eccentric 1960s London. What he would do at Ealing was drawing. Mercury drew a lot and was quite good at it. There were lots of pencil sketches, and he loved drawing Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970).

Mercury’s taste for color grading and eye for detail set him way apart from his contemporaries. Although he certainly had a talent for drawing, he would later switch to studying fashion. His mother recalls how he’d use tablecloths and various materials from home to create fashionable items he’d wear. Mercury’s design skills would come in handy a bit later in Queen.

His parents note that Freddie Mercury talked a lot about how Ealing Art College produced lots of successful musicians. They reacted to it as one of those things, ‘let’s see,’ but he was serious. A multi-instrumentalist, Pete Townshend (born May 19, 1945) and an English rock musician, Ronnie Wood (born June 01, 1947), were among those who finished the college. In 1969, Mercury graduated with a diploma from Ealing Art College too. He began seriously considering taking up music. His parents were unhappy with his decision, but that only motivated Mercury. Rebelliousness was a big part of his character.

After graduation, Freddie Mercury started playing in various bands. He also sold thrift clothes with his girlfriend Mary Austin in the Kensington Market in London, knowing a thing or two about clothing. For a time he worked at Heathrow Airport, hauling people’s luggage around. Quite regular jobs for a character like him. People who knew him at the time described him as a quiet and shy man who expressed lots of interest in music and had a sort of lingering ambition to him.

Switching to music

In 1968, Freddie Mercury was seriously set to become a singer and was actively looking to join a band. Brian May (born July 19, 1947) mentioned he had the flamboyant persona, which gave him a good performer. Though he was not sure about Mercury’s singing abilities. Yes, Mercury was not a terrific singer in the beginning. In 1969, the first band Mercury joined was a short-lived Liverpool-based rock band called Ibex. They recruited him because of his charismatic and flamboyant persona. The guitarist of Ibex confirms that Freddie’s voice was not super great but passable. While playing in Ibex, who would later rename themselves to Wreckage, Mercury lived above a pub in Liverpool.

In April 1970, Freddie Mercury met guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor (born July 26, 1949) at a gig. The specific moment of the meeting did not seem as iconic as the Lennon-McCartney meeting. It happened offstage, Mercury was excited and suggested to sing for their band Smile, who he had been a fan of. Nobody took him seriously, but Brian May noted that he had an energy to him.

Being the performer he is, Mercury cloaked himself in a sort of persona when he was in London. He would dress eccentrically, and people paid attention to him. Mercury would wear white garments very often and would go around behaving like a rock star. He did not even have to, because most people around him already treated him like something more significant than life. Brian May remembers him being like a local character. But also though everybody treated Freddie like a star, he was mostly reserved and quiet. He may have gained an ego in later years, but back then, he was very nice and somewhat shy.

Nobody expected Mercury to be that serious about music. Most friends even tried talking him out of it. Like come on, you are a great artist, why don’t you stick to design? He was having none of it.

The boys of Ibex had a nickname for Freddie: they called him “Queen.” Although they called him that in private, while Mercury was developing his vocal skills, his performance gave a show. There came one occasion where he’d prance around swinging the microphone chord until the microphone fell out. After failing to reconnect it, he just danced around with the chord, making the best out of his performance.

Ibex was friends with the band Smile, who Mercury secretly wanted to join. The band Smile was a great band musically, Brian May’s musical prowess could have taken them very far even without Freddie. He recalls how he complimented them after a gig, saying they were fantastic musicians and they were able to use light and shade properly to create an atmosphere. Most bands miss this very intricate details of stage performance.

Freddie Mercury’s only criticism of Smile was that they were not dressing right, and they were not addressing the audience squarely. They needed to add more theatricality to their style.

The band Smile took Mercury’s advice about theatricality. As a result, Tim Staffell (born February 24, 1948) quit the band to pursue something closer to his interest. Staffell does not hold any grudges. He is happy that he decided to quit because he is aware that if he did not get out the way, the world would not have Queen. Staffell also accepted that Freddie Mercury was a much better showman and writer than him.

“Queen”

The story of Queen, as with any band at the time, is filled with rebelliousness, contractual obligations, robust relationships between band and singer, a wild drummer whose party stories will make you drop your jaw, and of course, a Mercury’s solo career. Their story is depicted in the film Bohemian Rhapsody (2018), although lots of interesting details have not made the final cut.

Freddie Mercury immediately suggested to Brian May and Roger Taylor that he would become their singer. He had been a fan of Smile and attended their gigs; he saw their potential and what they lacked. Moreover, they lacked the exact theatricality, which Mercury could give to the band. To be clear, Queen is no continuation of Smile. The band Smile broke up when Tim Staffel quit. When Brian and Roger recruited Mercury as their new singer, that was when Queen was formed. Queen did not re-imagine any Smile songs with Freddie Mercury.

Finding a bass guitarist is always hard, and back then was no exception. The band went through several bassists before settling with John Deacon in February 1971. There was little pondering on the name of the group. Mercury suggested they go with “Queen” and that was what they did. This is how they formed the Queen band in 1970. Mercury started writing songs for and with Queen as soon as he’d joined. Since Brian May and Roger Taylor already sounded tight together as musicians, molding a new style with Freddie came naturally.

As soon as Queen found Deacon, they began rehearsing restlessly to record an album. Four songs made the first demo tape: “Liar,” “Keep Yourself Alive,” “The Night Comes Down,” and “Jesus.” The demo tape sounds impressive in retrospect and has the iconic Queen sound to it. However, Freddie Mercury’s vocals are shy and quiet on the tape. It is also very evident that he recorded every line in separate takes; the next line would begin on the last word of the previous. Anyways, most record labels were uninterested.

Finally, the band was given a well-deserved break. They were signed by Barry and Norman Sheffield (September 25, 1939 – June 20, 2014), who were big shot producers. They ran Trident Studios, which was used by other big shots like Elton John and The Beatles. The studio was famous and packed with artists. It was also expensive and featured the latest production technologies. As a result, Queen recorded their first record during the studio’s downtime (when other artists weren’t recording). Roger Taylor described those sessions as “gold dust.”

Staffel, the original singer of Smile, said he remembers how Queen got the idea for harmonizing their vocals. He and several other musical lads, would often go down to the gents (the boys’ bathroom) at Ealing, and indulge in the echoey environment. They’d sing there and harmonize for hours. It makes sense because lots of Queen’s harmonizing vocals do sound like they’re coming from some echo chamber.

Queen released their debut album in 1973. It was met by good reviews from critics, although it didn’t take off into the charts. The lead single “Keep Yourself Alive” did not hit any charts but was well appreciated by music lovers. It was a powerhouse of guitar riffs and a nerdgasm for any guitar fan. Rolling Stone said that the young band needed to work harder if they were to claim Led Zeppelin’s “Heavy-metal throne.”

  • – Queen came together as follows: Brian May, who then studied at Imperial College in London, forms the band Smile with Tim Staffel in 1968. They place advertisements looking for a Mitch Mitchell/Ginger Baker character on drums, attracting young Roger Taylor. Staffel then studied at Ealing Art College, where he met Freddie Mercury, and the two became friends. Mercury liked Smile and attended their concerts until Tim Staffel quit and the band disbanded. Seizing the opportunity, Mercury offered his voice to May and Taylor, forming Queen. They played their first gig on July 18, 1970.

One of the earliest Queen songs Mercury penned was titled “My Fairy King.” It had a lyric, which Mercury stated was about his mother. It went, “Oh mother Mercury, what have you done to me?” Mercury had already established himself as an artist and actor. He liked assuming different skins, adding and taking away from his Bulsara personality. Farrokh and young Freddie Bulsara were still there, but for the public, he’d assume a different character, something more godly.

When Freddie initially told the band that he would his name to “Mercury,” they thought he was mad. However, as with everything else, he was serious. Therefore, he went and changed his name legally to Freddie Mercury. It was, by all means, a stage name: a personality to embody. Freddie was a shy and quiet kid who, upon going on-stage, transformed into the unrestrained and theatrical god Mercury.

Queen’s logo

The final stroke was giving Queen a visual identity. Mercury did not shy away from grandiose imagery. A part of his personality which his family often talked about was the urge to be the greatest. He would not settle for second best, so his standards were pretty high. The regal name, the glamorous looks, the rock star behavior all demonstrated Mercury’s high standards. He took himself very seriously. So upon designing the Queen logo, Mercury made it glorious. The logo is a royal crest, featuring zodiac signs of all the band members. Two lions for Deacon and Taylor, a crab for Brian May, and two fairies for Mercury, who was a Virgo. All of them are somehow interacting with the crowned Q in the middle, embraced and overshadowed by a large phoenix. The creatures are very ambiguous; open to interpretation. The ambiguity translates into the band name itself, which had some homosexual connotations in its time. However, it was open enough to mean anything, and it didn’t have to be tied explicitly to the queer scene.

Mercury’s homosexuality, or bisexuality, was apparent to almost everyone, and it was essential in shaping his character. He did have girlfriends early in his life. The most important one of all was Mary Austin, who he’d met through Brian May. Austin frequented the hot-spots of the fashion scene in Kensington, where the band would frequently hang out. They spent about six years together and even lived together. However, later on, Mercury began seeing other people, mostly men. He felt down, not one with himself; the emotions one would feel when lying to a person they loved. Eventually, he came clean with Mary, who understood and supported him. She said that coming honest about his sexuality brought the old Mercury back.

Queen II tour and international breakthrough

On March 08, 1974, the Queen band released their new album Queen II, which was slightly more successful. They scored their first single on the charts, “Seven Seas of Rhye,” and the iconic album cover became very recognizable. The critics noted their musical virtuosity, but sometimes it was overkill. Mostly in terms of the production and the indulgent fantasy themes. Led Zeppelin still claimed that throne, but not for long.

The second album paved the way for Queen to gain a massive fan following. Queen II set the band on an extensive UK tour, supporting Mott the Hoople, which was a huge band at the time. The UK tour was an immense success, and album sales soared. As a result, the tour extended to the US for both bands, creating Queen’s most significant exposure to an American audience yet. The tours were very successful and the bands remained friends throughout the years. However, Freddie Mercury remembers it being a traumatic experience for him. As we know from his character, being number two is distasteful for the eccentric “rock and roll queen.”

The tour would have continued to Australia but was cut short by Brian May’s hepatitis. They were flown back to the UK, and May was hospitalized, leaving the band vulnerable to failure on their third album. They had two weeks to record material for the new album, and when May got hospitalized a second time for a completely unrelated reason, it did not help. Most of the work on third studio album Sheer Heart Attack was done on the spot, in the studio, and without Brian May. When Brian May got out of the hospital, he was excited by the new direction the band was taking. He got to finish his guitar parts, and everything went very successful against all the odds. The third studio album Sheer Heart Attack was released on November 08, 1974.

It was so successful that 1974’s Sheer Heart Attack landed Queen their first international breakthrough record. It was described as a daring “full-scale attack on the senses,” showcasing Queen in all their skill and magnificence. That was the album with “Killer Queen” on it, their first hit in the US, an iconic song in the band’s discography, and a tremendous blastin’ tune. The drag anthem solidified Queen’s trademark sound and playfulness with vocal harmonies but the madness did not stop there though.

A Night at the Opera

The album Sheer Heart Attack brought mainstream attention to Queen, the single “Killer Queen” topped several charts in both the US and the UK. However, the band had a fall-out with their producer Norman Sheffield at Trident Studios. The group was utterly broke, not having seen a penny from all their previous releases. They had a historically terrible deal with the production company. Roger Taylor was forced to play drums softly as they had no money even to buy him new drumsticks.

The band eventually negotiated out of the Trident Studios deal and sought to join Led Zeppelin’s label Swan Song Records. But fearing the label would prioritize Zeppelin over them, Queen settled with John Reid (born September 09, 1949), who was Elton John’s manager at the time. Reid gladly took up the band, gave them creative freedom, and urged them to make the best record they can make. This prompted Queen to go back to the wild experimentation of their sophomore album Queen II and create the masterpiece which was A Night at the Opera; the fourth studio album was released on November 21, 1975, and recorded between August – November 1975.

The album cemented Queen’s place in rock and roll history. It was the most expensive album ever made to date, experimenting with a wide plethora of styles and pushing the limits of the stereo sound. From progressive rock to British camp and skiffle, there was no band combining so many genres at the time. The album remains on Rolling Stone Magazine’s 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, ranking at 230.

Freddie Mercury wrote the rebellious song “Death on Two Legs (Dedicated To…)” which targeted Sheffield with its lyrics: “You suck my blood like a leech, You break the law and you breach, Screw my brain till it hurts, You’ve taken all my money – you still want more.” Their old manager Norman Sheffield sued the band and label for defamation as a result.

The main highlight of the album is the song “Bohemian Rhapsody”, which starts with the line “Is this the real life?” and the rest you can already hear yourself singing in your head. Apart from being one of the greatest rock songs ever written, it also retains a meme status being the unofficial anthem of the internet; a song which has transcended time and still sounds fresh today.

Voice, songwriting and performance

Mercury’s voice is hailed as one of the greatest, if not the greatest in all of popular music. He could jump from low bass to a high soprano with little to no effort. He could growl like a rocker and sing pure and crystalline. The song “Bohemian Rhapsody” embodies many of Mercury’s vocal abilities as the song is so densely packed with styles ranging from opera to hard rock. Unlike other rock stars who pushed their voice to impossible limits, Mercury sold it very naturally. There was a unique technique to his singing, allowing him to effortlessly glide from one style to another, express words in the most expressive way. Mercury was a true virtuoso of his time.

He also excelled as a songwriter, having penned more than ten of Queen’s greatest hits. Songs like “Killer Queen,” “Somebody to Love,” “Bohemian Rhapsody,” and “Bicycle Race” were all composed by Freddie Mercury. Like his voice, his songwriting played with a wide range of styles and genres. From progressive rock to disco, it was a mix unseen in the music scene at that time. Mercury did not shy away from intricate musical pieces. His most straightforward song was “Crazy Little Thing Called Love,” which he wrote as a competition with Brian May. They competed on who could write the most Elvis sounding song.

Apart from his voice and songwriting style, Mercury was an iconic performer with an unmatched stage presence. As a kid, he greatly admired Jimi Hendrix. He loved the way Hendrix milked his audience, played with them, and gave them a show. David Bowie (January 08, 1947 – January 10, 2016), another very theatrical performer, stated during a tribute concert that Freddie Mercury took it further than anyone else in the genre. Mercury indeed held the audience in the palm of his hand. One of Mercury’s many iconic stage acts was performing with a broken microphone stand, notably portrayed in Queen’s Live Aid performance.

A thunderclap of a lifestyle (Crazy Freddie Stories)

As Queen comes into the picture, the biography of Freddie Mercury becomes a series of vignettes rather than a linear story. Lots of time was spent in the studio and on tour, negotiating contracts and writing music. Mercury’s personality was projected through his lyrics and his theatrical performances, and the only adequate linearity in this story is the band’s discography.

The list of legends about the eccentric Mercury goes far beyond what is depicted in the film Bohemian Rhapsody (2018). If they told the real stories, that film would have been R-rated. When Queen became the biggest band on the planet, Mercury indulged in a thunderclap of a lifestyle.

For example, that story when Freddie Mercury and Princess Diana (July 01, 1961 – August 31, 1997) hung out drinking champagne on an afternoon and ended up in the most famous gay nightclub in South London (a pretty dangerous area of London back then.) Diana was usually quite reserved and shy, but Mercury got her into full mischief mode. And so the Princess and the Queen dressed up and went out clubbing. To her surprise, nobody recognized Diana because Freddie got all the attention.

Another strange story comes from 1983 and includes none other than the King of Pop himself. Michael Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009), fresh off “Thriller,” joined Mercury in the studio and they demoed three tracks for an album of duets. It was supposed to be a glorious collaboration until Jackson brought a llama into the studio. Mercury called up his manager saying “…you’ve got to get me out of this studio… I’m recording with a llama.” Jackson wasn’t delighted with Mercury either, finding his frequent drug use very disturbing. Yes, Mercury indulged in drugs. On one occasion, he sat with Elton John taking cocaine until 11 am. Elton John said, “Freddie Mercury could out-party me, which is saying something.”

Mercury’s live performances started becoming more and more strange. At one point, he rolled up on the shoulders of a large man in a Darth Vader costume wearing next to nothing. Apparently that Star Wars line from “Bicycle Race” was a lie.

The greatest parties in Rock and Roll

Little is discussed as one of Mercury’s most memorable endeavors — his parties. These were a bit too wild and infuriating to show in Bohemian Rhapsody (2018). The wildest party on the eve of his 39th birthday is one that still echoes through the ages. Stories too wild to be shared in this biography here can be observed in the numerous YouTube videos containing footage from the party. But we will briefly go over it anyway.

The party has gone down in rock history as one of the craziest parties, and in light of Led Zeppelin, The Who, the Rolling Stones, and Andy Warhol, that is honestly saying something. Mercury flew our a few hundred of his friends for his riot of a party, with lots of trans people and acid. It was called “A Black and White Drag Ball,” we’re attaching the invitation photo below. “It’s a drag ball, so everybody is coming in drag.” Mercury was very insistent on having guests follow the dress code.

Mercury, dressed as himself, sported a diamond-patterned Harlequin catsuit. To add flavoring to the cake, he rocked Adidas trainers and an old Russian jacket from the Imperial era. Mercury was the embodiment of camp, much like Lady Gaga is today. However, the parties back then could in no way be replicated. This one featured an entertainer biting heads off chickens (live), naked model wrestling, and dwarves walking around with cocaine on their head. Most of the waiters and waitresses were either naked or nearly there.

Mercury’s parties echoed through the annals of rock history. In 1979, on his 39th birthday, he flew in 100 friends on a Concorde to a wild party in New York. His only message to them was “Don’t worry about the costs, dears. The only thing you’ll have to pay for will be the condoms.” Without giving too much away, the result was a five-day orgy. Some said ladies were performing strange sexual acts with snakes.

Solo career

The ambitions of such a ubiquitous man were not fully satisfied by Queen. In a typical rock star move, Mercury went solo after he was offered a $4 million record deal, forcing Queen into a hiatus. The first solo effort was a solo studio album “Mr. Bad Guy” released on April 29, 1985. It featured dance songs and anthemic ballads, with the icing on the cake being expensive studio production. The album came three years after Queen’s unsuccessful pop album “Hot Space,” and with all fairness, improved on the style which did not work very well for Queen.

Mercury, as a solo artist, was problematic to work with. Apart from the intimidation, one would face in the studio with Mercury himself; the man was hard to satisfy. A common phrase thrown around the studio was “It needs to be more rock’n’roll.” “Mr. Bad Guy” matched “Hot Space” on the charts and was widely considered a successful solo effort.

The second solo album Barcelona prominently featured Spanish soprano vocalist Montserrat Caballe (April 12, 1933 – October 06, 2018). It was released on October 10, 1988. Mercury was interested in trying real opera, and the song “Barcelona” broke through that barrier. The two were very fond of each other, and reportedly very shy and nervous when meeting each other given the amount of appreciation between the two.

They got along very well and stayed up all night recording demos and ideas for what would become Barcelona. Although the critics were visibly confused by Freddie Mercury going into uncharted territory, the album did well commercially. The pair were also commended on their collaboration efforts, and this experience was essential and satisfying for Mercury himself. The album gave Mercury more freedom to try his crazy idea. Montserrat was also impressed by the result, especially by how their voices weaved so well together.

Live Aid

The Live Aid performance is now hailed as one of rock’s greatest live moments. It was watched by a TV audience of 1.9 billion across 150 nations, which then was the biggest TV audience ever. Their twenty-something minute set echoed through rock history, and Mercury’s divine command of his voice and audience stunned everybody at the concert. A classic moment was the a cappella interaction with the audience when Mercury let up an incredibly long sustained note which came to be called “The Note Heard Round the World.” The world was the perfect stage for Mercury.

Roger Taylor recalls that the band was louder than anyone else at Live Aid. They overwhelmed the stadium with a medley of hits, and the people were going nuts. It was all too perfect. The concert took a week of intense rehearsals. It was tough, especially for Mercury, because of his declining health. The organization of their performance was organized chaos. They did not plan anything theatrical, as they usually would for their shows. Instead, it was Queen and Mercury at their rawest and most glorious. The next morning, the band would wake up to see that the whole world has changed.

Mercury performed around seven hundred concerts with Queen throughout his career. The final performance took place in Knebworth Park in England in 1985. The estimated attendance was approximately 160,000 people, with the British national anthem playing at the end of the show. As his final act, Mercury wore a robe with a golden crown and bid farewell to his fans.

The revelations of Paul Prenter

Rumors of Mercury’s declining health had begun to circulate in 1986s. He did his best to keep it secret from anybody, telling only the band and a few close friends. However, in October 1986, the world detonated from revelations of Mercury’s secret AIDS test. Along with the news, came the announcement of the deaths of his two ex-lovers and his wild cocaine rides with David Bowie and Rod Stewart (January 10, 1945) has had the failed Michael Jackson collaboration and a big spread of personal photographs which were meant to stay private. The whole thing was done by Paul Prenter, a trusted manager and close friend of Freddie’s. Prenter sold this information for under forty thousand pounds. Their relationship is also portrayed in Bohemian Rhapsody (2018). The betrayal made Freddie Mercury reserved, crushing his trust in close friends. Prenter got cut off by Freddie’s circle, essential people like Elton John, and it is safe to say his career was over at that point.

The last years

Freddie Mercury lived his life to the fullest and had no regrets. He’d accepted his fate by now. Between March 1989 and November 1990, Queen began work on the fourteenth studio album Innuendo. There were lots of record deals tossed around the time, too dull to talk about here. But people who managed and worked with the band slowly began getting tipped off about Mercury’s health. He kept all the details secret and even had his closest friends lie to everybody to avoid making a big fuss or shocking Mercury’s family.

When Innuendo was released on February 05, 1991, the band returned to Mountain Studios to work on their next and final effort. Made in Heaven was the fifteenth and final studio album released on November 06, 1995. The Made In Heaven sessions were depressing, but Freddie Mercury did not get depressed. He drank lots of vodkas and kept positive, asking them to write as much material as they could so he could sing it, and they could finish it after he was gone. He had accepted that he was going to die.

During his spare time at his house in the Garden Lodge, Freddie Mercury took up drawing again. He had not done it since Ealing Art College, and it eased him. He tried painting his cat and made a few abstract paintings, Matisse style.

As more time passed, Mercury’s stamina began deteriorating. In 1990, when the band recorded “The Show Must Go On,” Mercury was barely walking. May was worried that he was unable to record, but Mercury nailed the song. He put all of his energy into it. Mercury spent the days of his life in bed. He stated on his deathbed on November 23, 1991, confirming all of the reports. Within twenty-four hours of the announcement, Freddie Mercury had passed away in Kensington, London, United Kingdom.

Legacy

In the Zoroastrian religion, death is viewed as a positive thing. Rather than being the end, it is considered a beginning, as all our existence on Earth is merely a prelude to the afterlife. Because the religion held the elements sacred, the Parsees weren’t ever cremated, buried, or buried at sea. Mercury’s funeral procession was done with respect to the Zoroastrian religion of his family.

A stunning achievement for Queen is that they had beaten The Beatles to become the biggest band on the UK charts. The 2006 Greatest Hits album became the best-selling album of all time in Britain. In total, the group had eighteen number one albums and eighteen number one singles. Another funny thing is that every member of the band has composed a number one charting single.

Freddie Mercury’s music has transcended time. In the words of his sister Kashmira, “I feel that Freddie is still here, in some ways, because his music is still here”.

 

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The life story of Audrey Hepburn

In this success story, I am share with you the life story of Audrey Hepburn. She was a British actress, humanitarian, and fashion icon, who truly changed film and the world.

The impact that Audrey Hepburn had on the Western world was prolific. As an actress, she broke down barriers and dedicated her time and money into making the world a better place for those around her. With a history just as rich as her career, Audrey Hepburn is one of the most iconic personality to learn about and admire.

There will be no talk of her intimate life here! There are two reasons for that: first, out of respect not only for Audrey Hepburn, but for anyone else, I don’t like to interfere with someone in intimacy and bring out details from love relationships! Secondly, Audrey Hepburn had three miscarriages and not so pleasant moments in her life, and because of that, the story of that would be an insult to the memory of the woman who gave so much to this world, which you will personally see in the following text!

Hepburn was active in Hollywood’s Golden Age and has been ranked as the third greatest female screen legend on the AFI’s 100 Years…100 Stars list by the American Film Institute. Hepburn was also inducted into the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame, as a recognition for her fantastic sense of style, and the influence that she had in the fashion community.

Hepburn was often described as “gamine,” in regard to her beauty. With a slender body, a trace of a European accent, mystery and aristocratic bearing – Hepburn intrigued and impressed many people around her.

Her rise to fame started in 1953 when she played the lead role in “Roman Holiday” (1953). This film won her an Academy Award, a “BAFTA”, and a “Golden Globe Award”. This set her as one of the most amazing actresses on the scene.

Hepburn has also won a Tony Award for her role in “Ondine” (1954), and countless other awards for various roles. Her film career spanned decades, and still lives on into the 21st century. For this reason, Audrey Hepburn was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award from “BAFTA”, as well as the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award, and the “Special Tony Award”.

To this day, Hepburn remains one of only fifteen people to have won “Tony”, “Grammy”, “Emmy”, and “Academy Awards”, showing how prolific and impactful her career was.

As she got older, Hepburn decided to dedicate most of her life to “UNICEF”, rather than starring in films. “UNICEF” had been something she had been involved with since 1954, as well as working in some of the poorest communities in Africa, Asia, and South America.

In 1992, Audrey Hepburn was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her work with “UNICEF”, seen as gratitude for her work with “UNICEF”. It was clear that Hepburn wanted to dedicate her life to this to show how important it was her through the donations, time, and attention she dedicated to the movement.

To begin Hepburn’s story, it all began in Brussels in 1929. Little did the world know, that this was the day that one of the most iconic actresses and greatest humanitarians would be born.

Birth

Born on 4th May 1929, in Ixelles, Brussels, Audrey Hepburn spent her childhood in a mixture of different places. From Belgium, England, and the Netherlands. Her full name was Edda Kathleen Hepburn-Ruston. While living in Amsterdam, she studied ballet with no other than Sonia Gaskell, the choreographer, dancer, and teacher. Ballet was her first passion, which she carried on until later in life.

Hepburn’s parents were, well, questionable, to say the least. Born into a very wealthy family, Hepburn’s parents were both amongst the upper class, which gave Hepburn quite the privileged early start to life. Her father was Joseph Victory Anthony Rushton (1889-1980), a British Subject. Her mother was Baroness Ella de Heemstra (1900-1984), who was a Dutch aristocrat.

They married in September 1926 in Jakarta and had Audrey Hepburn less than three years later.

A little delve into Hepburn’s family life, perhaps explains her strong humanitarian views later on in life.

Family history

Hepburn’s father was born in Auschwitz and was the son of Victor John George Ruston, who was of Austrian and British descent. He was married once before, to a Dutch heiress, named Cornelia Bisschop. Though born Ruston, he later barrelled his name to Hepburn-Ruston, to seem more aristocratic. He wrongly believed that he descended from James Hepburn, the third husband of the Queen of Scots.

Hepburn’s mother was Ella Van Heemstra, a Dutch noblewoman. She was the daughter of Baron Aarnoud Van Heemstra, the mayor of Arnhem from 1910 to 1920. Ella married Jonkheer Hendrik Gustaaf Adolf Quarles van Ufford, an oil executive in Batavia, at the age of nineteen. They had two sons, Robert Alexander Quarles van Ufford, and Jonkheer Ian Edgar Bruce Quarles van Ufford, subsequently giving Audrey two half brothers. They divorced in 1925, and Hepburn’s parents married in 1926.

Hepburn’s parents spent three years traveling, before settling down in Brussels. It’s safe to say that Hepburn’s childhood was incredibly sheltered and privileged. She learned five languages – English, Dutch, French, Spanish, and Italian.

Hepburn’s parents were Nazi sympathizers and members of the British Union of Fascists (BUF). Her mother was friendly with the Unity Mitford and encouraged Hepburn’s father, who was increasingly becoming anti-communist, to join the BUF. As the BUF party grew, Hepburn’s parents were openly involved in fundraising and recruitment. You can even find newspaper clippings, in which Hepburn’s mother was linked to the rise in fascism.

In 1935, Hepburn’s parents joined Mosley’s BUF delegation, to observe the conditions under the Nazis. They toured around schools, housing developments, factories, and autobahns, and even met Hitler himself. Ella enshrined a picture of them with the dictator and placed it on their mantelpiece.

In this same month, Hepburn’s father walked out on her mother and herself. Hepburn recalls her mother crying for days on end, as she mourned the parting of her husband. In 1939, Audrey and her mother moved to the Netherlands. In 1940, the Nazi’s invaded the Netherlands – this is where Hepburn and her mother would spend their war years.

Ella, Hepburn’s mother, would drink and invite German officers into the family home. She would go out with them and even drive into Germany for fun. She was once suspected of being an agent for the Gestapo, the Nazi secret police, by the Dutch resistance.

After the war, the BUF was banned, and Ella focused her energy on creating connections with those who could help Audrey become a ballerina. Looking at this from the future, we know that Hepburn ended up one of the most successful film stars, let alone ballerinas.

In June 1940, the Battle of Britain began, and Hepburn’s father, who had walked out on his family in 1935, was arrested under the Defense Regulation 18B. He was considered an enemy of the state, due to his membership of the BUF and an associate of foreign fascists. This side of Hepburn’s family life isn’t often known.

Early life

Hepburn’s very early life was very sheltered. With moving from one beautiful country to another, and having only the best education. Of course, it is essential to note that her parents had controversial political views and got divorced. Perhaps this affected Hepburn in later life.

The divorce was quite horrible for six-year-old Audrey Hepburn. She talked briefly about the divorce, stating it was the most traumatic incident of her life. Her father walked out on them, and she witnessed her mother extremely upset.

From 1935-1938, Hepburn attended boarding school in Kent, England. However, in 1939 her mother moved them to Arnhem in the Netherlands; here she thought they would be safe from the Nazi invasion. The Germans invaded the Netherlands in 1940.

Hepburn began using the name “Edda van Heemstra,” as her English sounding name was considered dangerous. Her family was affected badly by the German occupation. She would say: “Had we known that we were going to be occupied for five years, we might have all shot ourselves. We thought it might be over next week.”

Her uncle, Otto van Limburg Stirum, was executed in 1942. He was taken prisoner by the Nazis and later murdered. He was targeted because of his prominent family. Hepburn’s half brother was deported to Berlin to work, and her other half brother went into hiding to avoid having the same punishment.

During the war, Hepburn would perform silent dances. The money she earned from her performances was donated to the Dutch resistance effort. There have even been suggestions that Hepburn herself participated in the Dutch Resistance herself.

Hepburn witnesses Dutch Jews being transported to concentration camps. Certain moments like that stuck with her and could be the reason for her humanitarian efforts throughout her life.

The Allies landed on D-Day, and living conditions became worse in the Netherlands. The Dutch famine in the winter of 1944, was also traumatic for the Hepburn and her family as well as the rest of the country. There was a limited supply of food and supplies, and their diets became worse and worse. Hepburn became malnourished and suffered from anemia, respiratory problems, and edema.

Her family was hist badly financially, too. Many of their properties were severely damaged and destroyed. Like many European families, the war had a lasting effect on them. The war ended in 1945, and Hepburn moved to Amsterdam.

Her mother, after the financial hit the family took, had to work as a cook and housekeeper. Hepburn began ballet training from Sonia Gaskell – a prominent figure in ballet. By the time the war ended, Hepburn was 16 years old.

Entertainment career

At 16, in 1945, Hepburn had moved to Amsterdam and had restarted her ballet training. In 1948, at the age of 19, Hepburn made her film debut and played an air stewardess in “Dutch in Seven Lessons” (1948). It was an educational film based on travel. It was initially an English documentary series based on the Netherlands.

Later that same year, Hepburn moved to London after accepting a ballet scholarship with Ballet Rambert, which was (at that time) based in Notting Hill. While here, she worked part-time as a model to support herself, and in the process dropped “Ruston” from her surname. Becoming Audrey Hepburn.

Rambert told Hepburn that, despite possessing an amazing talent, she would never become a prima ballerina due to her height and weak composition. The effects of the war and malnourishment were to blame for this. With this information, Hepburn made a choice to focus on acting.

Her mother continued to work menial jobs to support them, while Hepburn appeared in West End musicals and theater shows. For instance, she appeared in “High Button Shoes” (1947) and “Sauce Piquante” (1950).

While performing in “Sauce Piquante” (1950), she was spotted by a casting director. During this time, she also had elocution lessons to develop her voice, these were with Felix Aylmer.

Hepburn registered as a freelance actress with the Associated British Picture Corporation. During this time, she appeared in BBC television plays and in minor film roles.

It was only in 1952, at the age of 23, that Hepburn was cast in her first major supporting role. She played the role of a prodigious ballerina in the “Secret People” (1952) by Thorold Dickinson. In which, she performed all of her own dance sequences.

After this, Hepburn was offered various roles. Notably, this included “Monte Carlo Baby” (1951) and “Gigi” (1951). Throughout these roles, attention towards Hepburn was increasing. She received praise for her roles, including those which were live on stage. Throughout this time, Hepburn was slowly carving her own title in the industry. Undoubtedly, it was during this time that Hepburn truly made a name for herself – leading her onto bigger things.

“Roman Holiday”

In 1953, Hepburn secured her first starring role in “Roman Holiday” (1953). Hepburn would play a European princess, who escaped from royalty to spend a night out with an American newsman. Elizabeth Taylor was initially the favorite for the role, but William Wyler, the director of the film, was blown away by Hepburn.

Wyler would say: “She had everything I was looking for: charm, innocence, and talent. She also was very funny. She was absolutely enchanting, and we said, ‘That’s the girl!””

Wyler would also ensure that Audrey Hepburn’s was equal to Gregory Peck’s – initially she was supposed to be introduced in smaller fonts, under the title. The reasoning behind this? Wyler knew she would be a big star.

“Roman Holiday” (1953) was a box office success and Hepburn was praised drastically for her role. She even won an “Academy Award” for Best Actress, a “Golden Globe Award”, and a “BAFTA” Award for Best British Actress in a Leading Role. Despite all of this being extremely unexpected.

Though not a newbie in the film industry, as this was Hepburn’s first starring role, it was a fantastic achievement to not only be so respected and critically acclaimed but to win an array of prestigious awards. Many were unsure about what the future held for Hepburn. However, she bravely moved on from “Roman Holiday” (1953) and made bigger strides.

Hepburn signed a seven-picture contract with Paramount. Time magazine featured Hepburn on the cover in 1953, and, around this time, she was also recognized as a style icon.

Hepburn was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress and won a “BAFTA” in 1954, for her role in “Sabrina” (1954). The way she could accurately portray a princess, just as well as being a servant was an incredible talent.

In between filming, Hepburn also appeared on stage. From 1953 to 1960, she starred in a series of successful films, including “The Nun’s Story” (1959), and “The Unforgiven” (1960). Her acting career was genuinely thriving, and her personal life was seemingly great, too.

During the production of “Roman Holiday” (1953), Hepburn had met an American actor Mel Ferrer (August 25, 1917 – June 02, 2008). In 1954, eight months after meeting each other, the pair got married in Switzerland, while they prepared to star together in the film “War and Peace” (1956). Hepburn had two miscarriages before giving birth to their only son.

“Breakfast at Tiffany’s”

Of course, we have to mention Audrey Hepburn’s most popular movie, especially in the 21st century. Hepburn starred as a New York party girl in “Breakfast at Tiffany’s” (1961). They initially wanted Marilyn Monroe to play the role. However, this would become a defining moment for Hepburn.

The little black dress has become an iconic picture, and the character is one of the best-known in American cinema. Hepburn would state that it was the hardest role that she ever played, courtesy of the extroverted nature.

Hepburn was nominated for an Academy Award for the Best Actress. That same year, Hepburn also starred in “The Children’s Hour” (1961) – this film did not get high praise, but still, Hepburn did. She had successfully become America’s sweetheart.

“Charade”

“Charade” (1963) is a comic thriller, in which Hepburn starred as a young widow who was pursued by several men.

Cary Grant was uncomfortable with the age difference between himself and 34-year-old Hepburn. For this reason, the screenplay was altered so that Hepburn was pursuing Grant – a change which was seen as extremely positive. This role earned Hepburn her third and final ever-competitive “BAFTA” award, as well as a “Golden Globe Nomination”.

After this, Hepburn starred in roles in “Paris When It Sizzles” (1964), and “My Fair Lady” (1964). Hepburn continued to have success in the film industry during her 30s.

Final projects

After 1967, Hepburn decided to go into semi-retirement. She would make a comeback in 1976 with “Robin and Marian” (1976) and “Bloodline” (1979). However, her main focus was definitely on her family.

Her last motion picture role was in 1988, in which Hepburn made a cameo appearance as an angel in Steven Spielberg’s “Always” (1989).

Style Icon

As an iconic actress, Audrey Hepburn also gained popularity for her style. She has been labeled as one of the biggest and best style icons in the world. As a fashion icon, there were multiple reasons why she gained this title.

Whether it’s in her films, or with her street style, Hepburn always looked immaculate. Some credited this to her lean features, others have stated that she had an eye for fashion. The ices that she wore in her twenties are being worn by olds today demonstrating how ahead of the time she was.

The low maintenance haircut and basic clothing pieces spoke to a lot of women. Hepburn offered a realistic standard for women, giving them options that they could easily copy. It’s this, amongst other things, that classes her as one of the most influential fashion icons ever.

Hepburn always opted for tailored basics, rather than trendy lavish pieces. Skinny pants, dark shirts, flannels, and simple dresses were always her choice in attire. Choosing basics, like these pieces, has set Hepburn as a timeless fashion icon – something that many of the golden age actresses did not achieve.

Hepburn did not follow specific fashion trends and rather created her own. Hepburn concentrated heavily on accessories, and elevated classic styles in modern ways – this is something that still lives on today.

However, it was arguably the little black dress that became the true iconic dress. “Breakfast at Tiffany’s” (1961) made Hepburn firmly the style icon that she is known as today. She became the epitome of 1950s glamour, exhuming in classic, elegant style.

Hepburn was also one of the only three people to wear the Tiffany diamond – one of the largest yellow diamonds around. She was also included in People’s “50 Most Beautiful People in the World” in 1990, recognizing the legacy of her style and appearance.

As for style recognition, Hepburn was a member of the International Best Dressed List and received the Council of Fashion Designers of America’s Lifetime of Style Award in 1992. It goes without saying, Audrey’s legacy spans much further than acting. Her style and fashion will also live on as they already have.

So much so, Mark Tungate, a British writer, stated that Hepburn was her own recognizable brand. It’s also been stated that she appealed to women more than men – in comparison to the more curvy Elizabeth Taylor and Grace Kelly. Hepburn has been cited as one of the key figures that made being extremely slim fashionable.

Hepburn was very often associated with French designer, Hubert de Givenchy. Givenchy would later become a crucial part of her life, especially throughout her death. Many have questioned whether Givenchy was made famous by Audrey Hepburn or vice versa. Needless to say, their relationship was extremely special and partly the reason why Hepburn was seen as so fashionable.

Humanitarian work

Away from the glamorous side, and acting life, Hepburn was also heavily involved in humanitarian work. In the 1950s, Hepburn became involved in “UNICEF”, by narrating two radio programs that retold children’s stories of the war. In 1989, she was appointed as a Goodwill Ambassador of “UNICEF”. Upon this appointment, she stated that she was grateful to receive help while she was a child, and wanted to help other children that might be in similar situations.

Hepburn visited Ethiopia in 1988, where she visited an orphanage in Mekele. It housed 500 starve children, in which “UNICEF” would send food. The trip was vital for Hepburn. After the trip, she had a broken heart and felt desperate. She could not stand the situation that two million people were in imminent danger of starving to death. Many of those people were children. Red Cross and “UNICEF” workers who could help distribute the food had been ordered to leave the “northern territories because of two simultaneous civil wars, and that was the reason the food could not be delivered. Hepburn visited rebel country and witnessed mothers and their children who had walked for ten days or sometimes for three weeks, looking for food. That shocking image was too much for her. Hepburn did not like the term ‘Third World’ because she believed that people were all one world. Hepburn wanted people to know that a large number of people was starving and suffering.

In August 1988, Hepburn visited Turkey through an immunization campaign. For Hepburn, this trip showed just how amazing “UNICEF” could be for the world. It took them ten days to vaccinate the entire country. A couple of months later, Hepburn took a trip to South America, visiting countries like Venezuela and Ecuador. Audrey would go on to say that “UNICEF” was a “miracle,” that brought water to communities for the first time ever.

From 1988 to 1989, Hepburn visited multiple different countries. From Sudan to Honduras. She brought attention to world issues through her platform, as well as directly helping those that were trapped in a civil war or those that were caught in natural disasters.

About Hepburn, her hospitality and care for the people in other countries were incredible. For instance, she would never hesitate to enter dirty situations or hug humans that had diseases. It was even stated that children gravitated towards her – that they would come up to her and hold her hand, despite having no reason to trust many adults.

From 1990 to 1992, Hepburn carried on her humanitarian efforts. In October 1990, she visited Vietnam to help provide clean water and immunization. These efforts in Vietnam were to form a connection with the government for national “UNICEF” hopefully. This was something that she continued to strive towards throughout her life.

A notable trip for Hepburn was her one to Somalia in 1992. She walked into something that she described as “apocalyptic,” despite seeing famine and destruction in other countries and communities. Despite being scarred by what she had seen, she still had hope, releasing one of her most famous quotes: “Taking care of children has nothing to do with politics. I think perhaps with time, instead of there being a politicization of humanitarian aid, there will be a humanization of politics”. Shortly after this trip, Hepburn was diagnosed with cancer.

When asked if she regretted traveling so much with “UNICEF” in the last years of her life, she appeared to be perturbed. Hepburn suggested that she would have missed so much of her life if she had not become part of “UNICEF” and traveled the world. In fact, many suggested that her only regret was that she couldn’t carry on her humanitarian work.

Later life

Before her diagnosis, Hepburn dedicated a lot of her time to “UNICEF”. However, Hepburn also entered back into the movies in the 1980s. For Instance, “Bloodline” (1979), “They All Laughed” (1981) and “Always” (1989) were all filmed in her later years.

The acting was still her passion, and the interest in Hepburn in starring in these films did not pass. She also appeared in TV series such as “American Masters” (1985), “Love Among Thieves” (1987), and “Gregory Peck: His Own Man” (1988).

Family life was also paramount for Hepburn. In her later years, she was spending her time with Robert Wolders. She traveled the world with Wolders for six months of every year, working together to bring attention to the needs of children.

Her Children, Sean Ferrer, and Luca Dotti both carried on their mother’s legacy. Sean Ferrer became an accomplished film director; he also wrote a book called “An Elegant Spirit,” which as all about Audrey Hepburn.

Luca Dotti Dotti always expressed a desire to stay away from the spotlight. He also wrote a book about his mother, titled “Audrey at Home, Memories of my Mother’s Kitchen”. Dotti has also inherited the “UNICEF” fund, which was dedicated to Hepburn.

Death

In 1992, Hepburn believed she had picked up a stomach bug while in Somalia while working with “UNICEF” to help children. Her death was announced by “UNICEF”.

She was diagnosed with colon cancer and underwent surgery in November. It was a sporadic type of cancer that had grown slowly over several years. After surgery, Hepburn began chemotherapy. However, she was given three months to live.

Sources stated that she was afraid of the pain, but not afraid of dying. Many said that she thought more about her family and friends while dying than she did about herself.

Hepburn wanted to spend her last Christmas in their home in Switzerland. Getting to her home, while she was so ill and fragile, proved to be extremely difficult. Their longtime friends Hubert Givenchy and Bunny Mellon stepped in to help.

They went to Switzerland by private jet, during which Hepburn was basically on life support and extra care and attention needed to be made. Her last Christmas would be spent in Switzerland, with her friends and family surrounding her.

Hepburn asked her friend to buy three special winter coats – one for Givenchy, Sean, and Wolders. She asked them to think about her when they wore them. She would also state it was the most beautiful Christmas that she ever had.

She spent her last days in hospice care in Vaud. Occasionally she would go for walks around the garden, but gradually become confined to her bed.

Michael Tilson Thomas was one of Hepburn’s longtime friends. He recalls his last conversation with Hepburn, which was a telephone call – just a couple of days before she passed away. He stated that she was concerned about him – something that was extremely reflective of her nature and attitude towards other people. He also said that she didn’t sound afraid at all.

On January 20, 1993, Hepburn died in her sleep. After her death, Gregory Peck would tearfully recite her favorite poem. It was seen as a loss not only to her friends and family but to the film and humanitarian communities.

Her funeral was held in Tolochenaz on the 24th of January. Both her ex-husbands attended her funeral, as well as executives of “UNICEF” and fellow actors such as Roger Moore and Alain Delon. Flowers were sent by Elizabeth Taylor and the Dutch Royal Family.

Her will stated that her two sons should be co-equal heirs to her estate. She left various precious jewels to her friends and families. Robert Wolders received two silver candlesticks, which would be worth around $900 in today’s time.

Givenchy was named the executor of the estate, alongside two swiss attorneys.

Recognition

Hepburn was recognized by many notable figures. Not just for her life in the films, but her struggles as a child, and her humanitarian efforts.

George H.W. Bush, the President of the United States at the time, presented Hepburn with a Presidential Medal of Freedom for her work with “UNICEF”. Her efforts to help starve children were recognized and praised by many all over the world.

The Academy of Motion Picture of Arts and Sciences awarded her the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award for her contribution to humanity.

In 2002, at the United Nations Special Sessions on Children, “UNICEF” also honored Hepburn’s legacy to helping those around the world. They unveiled a statue named “The spirit of Audrey.” This can be found at “UNICEF’s” New York headquarters.

Her service that she provided for children is also recognized through the Audrey Hepburn Society – the United States Fund for “UNICEF”.

Hepburn is also recognized for her contributions to film and art. This includes acting, ballet, and fashion. She is one of the most successful actresses to have lived and will be forever known as the beautiful lady in the black dress and pearls.

Recognition towards her comes in many forms, both on and off the screen.

In 1991, she received a tribute from the Film Society of Lincoln Centre and remained a frequent presenter at The Academy Awards.

Legacy

Hepburn summed up her legacy, saying: “I’ve been particularly lucky.” That isn’t exactly the case, though. Through hardships, questionable parents, and hard work, Hepburn rightfully earned her place as one of the most successful actresses, and icons in the world.

Her legacy still lives on today, almost decades after her death.

The American Film Institute named Hepburn as one of the Greatest Female Stars of All Time. She remains one of the few celebrities to win certain awards, and wear certain accessories.

Since her death, she has become the subject of many biographies. In which the detail the turbulent early years, and successful later years. The Audrey Hepburn Story (2000), a documentary which starred Jennifer Love Hewitt and Emmy Rossum was extremely popular, showcasing that the interest in the legendary actress never really fell away.

Today, Hepburn’s image is commonly used in advertising. Many companies have colorized and digitally enhanced old clips from the Roman Holiday (1953) so that Hepburn can be featured in modern adverts.

For example, In Britain, Hepburn was used for a television advert for the “Galaxy” chocolate bar. This particular advertising effort gained a lot of attention.

In 2006, Gap donated a portion of their earnings from a “skinny black pants” campaign to the Audrey Hepburn Children’s Fund, showing her legacy on humanitarian work, as well as the fashion world.

Even Google produced a sketch for Hepburn on her 85th Birthday, demonstrating how widespread and influential the legendary actress really was.

Hepburn is largely remembered for such films as “Roman Holiday” (1953) and “Breakfast at Tiffany’s” (1961). With the introduction of the internet, Hepburn is also still commonly used as style inspiration – still to this day.

However, her real legacy lies with charity. Sean Ferrer, Audrey’s son, founded the Audrey Hepburn Children’s Fund, shortly after his mother’s death. This was to ensure that her legacy lives on and helped children in need.

The US Fund for “UNICEF” also founded the Audrey Hepburn Society, again allowing her legacy to live on in a way that she would have wanted. To this day, it has raised almost a million dollars.

Her son, Luca Dotti Dotti, has also become a patron for the Pseudomyxoma Survivor charity, an organization that provides specific support to patients that suffered from the same, sporadic cancer that took Hepburn’s life.

Some of Hepburn’s items were also auctioned off. This included personal memorabilia and dresses. The money earned went to the Audrey Hepburn Children’s Fund, showing that her legacy, as expected, lies with the children she so desperately wanted to help.

Audrey’s life can be summed up in her own words: “I decided, very early on, just to accept life unconditionally; I never expected it to do anything special for me, yet I seemed to accomplish far more than I had ever hoped. Most of the time, it just happened to me without my ever seeking it.”

Packed full of talent, adventure, and love, Hepburn remained humble and positive, even towards the end.

We hope you have enjoyed exploring Audrey Hepburn biography and her success story. We hope you feel inspired to follow your dreams, and give back to the world.

 

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The life story of Lionel Martin

In this success story we are going to share the life story of Lionel Martin, who founded Aston Martin, a British car manufacturer of luxury sports’ cars. Enjoy reading a history of brilliant success, trials and errors and how a British car manufacturer won the hearts of motorists not only in the UK, but around the world.

The starting point of the Aston Martin history

The Aston Martin company was officially founded in 1914, but the beginning of its history starts in 1913, when Lionel Walker Birch Martin (1878 – 14 October, 1945), a Cornishman entrepreneur, was enthusiastically in love with cars. Once he took the first place in the Aston Clinton race, sitting behind the wheel of the Singer 10. In 1914, Lionel Martin started running a small shop in London’s Kensington district. Some time later he decided to self-assemble cars. By putting together his own surname Martin and a part of the name of that winning race Aston, he came up with the company. This is how the Aston Martin name was created.

Though, Lionel Martin had ambitious plans, he had a little money and it was difficult to start up a car manufacturing company without financial support of a partner. Lionel asked for the help from Robert Bamford, who funded manufacturing of the first Aston Martin. The 15th January 1913 marks the official incorporation of the company.

In 1914, they assembled their first Aston Martin. It was a 1.4-liter lightweight sports’ car with a Coventry-Simples engine, mounted on the chassis of the Italian car Isotta Fraschini. Unfortunately, the First World War temporarily prevented the work and delayed the release of new models until 1919 and their construction was restored only in 1920. Since 1920s new models were assembled in a new studio in Abingdon Road, London. Nevertheless, Robert Bamford was disappointed in the deal with Lionel Martin and discontinued investing in Aston Martin manufacturing. Lionel kept his head and came for help to the Count Louis Zborowski. He was also passionate about motorcars and racing, and therefore willingly undertook to help Aston Martin and help the company to take part in the competitions of the highest level, including Grand Prix motor racing.

It seemed that it was a chance for the British company to embark on the path of success and development. The rich patron Louis Zborowski was generous for investments and continued to invest in Aston Martin, but that paradise lasted only until 1924. A tragedy occurred with Count Zborowski. Being a racing driver and automobile engineer, he actively took part in car races. He joined the Mercedes team in 1924 and during the Grand Prix at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza in Italy he died, after hitting the tree. It was a tremendous loss for Aston Martin team. Lionel Martin even was ready to declare that his company went bankrupt. And it would have been so, yet Lady Charnwood saved the situation and purchased Aston Martin, appointing her son John Benson on the board. They renamed it to Aston Martin Motors. Lionel Martin became the Technical Director. But this tandem lasted for two years only. The company still was unprofitable and was sold again this time to engineer Bill Renwick and his partner Augustus (Bert) Bertelli, who immediately transferred car manufacturing to the town of Feltham, in Middlesex County. It was the end of Aston Martin history for Lionel Martin.

The history of Aston Martin without Lionel Martin

Renwick and Bertelli had their own R&D center, where engineers designed 1.5-liter engine with an overhead camshaft for Aston Martin. The unit has been so successful that it has been installed on all Aston Martin models for the next few years, including cars, prepared for the competition at Le Mans, Brooklands and Mille Miglia.

Perhaps the most famous Aston Martin model at the time was the International: two-seater sports’ car designed by Bertelli. And of course, it was driven by that 1.5-liter engine, which since 1928 was produced with a dry sump. Three years later Augustus Bertelli equipped the International with a new gearbox and the worm gear was replaced with hypo id bevel one. In 1933, the engine power was increased to 85 horsepower and this event marked the appearance of a new modification, called the Mk-II, which was produced until 1939.

It is worth mentioning the Aston Martin Atom, the incredible car prototype of those times. Designed by Claude Hill in 1939, it had an aluminum body, semi-automatic transmission and many other innovative technologies that were installed to the car. The Atom was an outstanding prototype car and was far ahead of its time and became a reference point for the whole European car industry. Because of the World War II, Aston Martin was forced to shift to the production of aircraft components. But in spite the Atom remained a car prototype it played a significant role in the Aston Martin history (I tell you a little bit later how this car saved the company from going bankrupt). This car currently belongs to Aston Martin enthusiast and collector Tom Rollason. He has owned it since 1985. All interested can see it at the Heritage Motor Centre, Gaydon.

Business did not went smoothly for Aston Martin in the 1930s and apparent success was delusive. Aston Martin was trying to find a stable way for growth and literally was fighting for survival. The lack of funds to cover the expenses drove Aston Martin to the frequent change of owners. In 1931, the company started working with British company Frazer-Nash, founded by Archibald Frazer-Nash in 1922. They produced sports’ cars sports’ with a unique multi-chain transmission. But their mutual cooperation lasted only for two years. Soon Aston Martin was bought by Gordon Sutherland.

Gordon Sutherland fell in love with the Atom so much, that personally traveled over 100,000 miles in the Atom. At the end of WWII, Aston Martin was on the verge of collapse. It was the Atom, that saved the company and help to find a new investor David Brown. He invested into the company just after making a trip in the Atom.

David Brown Era

David Brown was a quick-witted person. When he was 17 years old, he was in charge of the family business. They produced tractors and agricultural machinery.

The accumulated funds David invested in various types of business (e.g. stables, shipping industry, etc.) by building up a business empire with approximately 20 000 employees. In 1947, Brown decided to get involved into the car business and bought the Lagonda company, and after a few months – Aston Martin. The advent of David Brown turned the Aston Martin business into a true successful story.

The first car of the new era was the DB1. It was the car with an aerodynamic body and a 2-liter 6-cylinder engine with dual overhead camshafts, created by engineers from Bentley for Lagonda. Fifteen of those cars were produced altogether and then it was time to debut the DB2 with 2.6-liter engine and its modifications the Aston Martin DB2 / 4 and Aston Martin DB2/4 Mk II Touring. The latter was designed by the Italian company. And yet Italians played an important role in the fate of the landmark model DB4. Using his connections, David Brown made sure that the Aston Martin DB4 was approved as a vehicle of Secret Agent James Bond 007. Aston Martin made history not only in automotive industry, but also in cinema.

(Did you know that an abbreviation for DB (name of the Aston Martin DB) stands for the initials of David Brown, who saved the company from bankruptcy after the Second World War).

The Aston Martin DB4 was equipped with inline 6-cylinder engine with dual overhead camshafts and cylinder capacity of 3669 cc. The framework of the car was made with welded steel plates with spars amplifiers. The front wheels were suspended on the wishbone and springs and the rear bridge was sustained with longitudinal and short-wishbone coil springs. The ultralight body Superleggera, as we have said, was created by a Milanese atelier Touring. Production of the car was set up at the newly opened facility in Newport, Buckingham shire County.

In 1959, the sports’ modified Aston Martin DB4 GT is started to be assembled. It is worth underlining some of its specifications such as two carburetors Weber, dual ignition and a short wheelbase. At the same time, engineers made another sports’ version of the DB4 GTZ with engine capacity of 300 hp and a more streamlined body designed by Zagato studio. Top speed of that version was 155 mph/h (250 km/h). All in all, there was released 1185 cars of DB4 series.

At the same time, Aston Martin continued to act in car races. The most successful model of the company was the DB3R. In 1959, one of those cars won the 24 – hour race at Le Mans. Then the company tried to enter into the world of Grand Prix, but the Aston Martin Formula 1 cars turned to be not so successful and this project was closed.

In 1963, the company announced the debut of the DB5, that differed from its predecessor only by 4L engine with 282 hp. This car also became “the hero” in one of James Bond films. But its life was short, as in 1965, the premiere model DB6 was announced. It was similar in appearance with the previous Aston Martin, but a new one could accommodate four passengers and could compete with the most prestigious cars from other manufacturers.

Occupying a niche, Aston Martin, however, could not accept the fact that their cars did not cause such delight impression as Ferrari or Maserati. Therefore, the engineers and designers, were given a task to by all means develop similar impressive cars. After a while, they designed the Aston Martin DBS and Aston Martin DBS Vantage with a 6 – cylinder engine. Later, the cars were improved with new aluminum 5.3 liter V8 engine with 340 – 450 horsepower.

Calm Before the Storm

As it used to happen in the history of Aston Martin the period of rise sooner or later gave way to recession. By creating a range of great cars, the company was once again in debt.

In 1972, David and sold the Aston Martin and Lagonda companies. The new owners Company Development decided to put an end to the DB car series and put a lot of effort in order to overcome the effects of a severe economic crisis. But they could not tackle everything and in 1975, Aston Martin once again found itself on the brink for the next six years.

In the 70s, Aston Martin produced a range of small sports’ car with difficulties, which were named Vantage for coupe cars and Volante for convertibles. All the cars were offered in the most expensive versions with the same 5.3L V8 engine with 340 and 390 hp. They were equipped with the first direct injection system and American automatic transmissions.

The seventies also marked the launch of a series of very unusual luxury sedan class, that received the symbolic name Lagonda. Wealthy clients, particularly from the Middle East, immediately fell in love with the new Aston Martin Lagonda. The car was manually assembled, had a powerful V8 carbureted engine, and couple of innovations such as digital instrument panel, touch pad, and in fact the world’s first on-board computer. The Aston Martin Lagonda cost 33 000 GBP and was one of the most expensive premium sedans. It was a lot of money at that time. Considering manual assembly and exclusivity of the model there were produced only 645 of these cars. A contemporary version of this model became the Aston Martin Rapide.

Ford Era

In 1980s, financial future of Aston Martin became even more uncertain. During next seven years it was bought by British and American industrial and financial groups for several times, but this did not lead the company to significant changes. The relative stability occurred only in 1987, when Ford placed Aston Martin in the Premier Automotive Group and bought 75% of shares in the company. And it worked! Earlier Aston Martin sold around 100 cars each year, but in 1995, that amount increased to a record mark of 700 pieces. The Vantage, Volante and Virage, equipped with the upgraded V8 engine with 4 valves per cylinder and bulk blowers, brought profit. Best of all is that in 1993, Ford revived the DB series, presenting the sports’ DB7 with a 3.2-liter inline 6-cylinder Jaguar engine that had 335 hp. Along with the manual transmission, buyers were offered automatic transmission. The leather interior trim, lacquered wood panels and other elements of luxury trimmed the sports’ Aston Martin DB7.

The Richards Era

On March 12, 2007, David Richards bought Aston Martin for £475m (US$848m). Ford saved a stake in the company valued at £40m (US$70m). Aston Martin V8 and V12 engines continued to be manufactured by Ford in Cologne, Germany until 2013. Ford had a little benefit from the collaboration with Aston Martin as they did not use Aston Martin engines in their vehicles. On July 25, 2013 Aston Martin and Mercedes-AMG signed up a partnership agreement. Aston Martin will supply new components and power plants for the next generation line up.

Now Aston Martin is going through the best of times. Aston Martin has returned to the sport and acquired a new plant and released a number of unique vehicles such as DB9, One-77, Rapide and Zagato, has developed a new engine including the V12. Over a century-old existence of Aston Martin, it experienced trials and errors. The Aston Martin founder Lionel Martin would have probably proud of his creation. But one thing has always remained the same: from the first day until now every single Aston Martin car was manually assembled. Even Ford could not impose conveyor to Aston. Hopefully, this century-old tradition will continue for many decades ahead, and the eternal struggle for survival is left for Aston Martin in the past.

In 2013, Aston Martin, the legendary British car manufacturer, it celebrated its centenary existence!

 

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A life story of Soichiro Honda

In this article we will share a story about a life story of Soichiro Honda. It was the man who changed a usual view on traditions of running business and not only in his country, but also almost in every country around the world. Enjoy reading the story about inventions, trials and failures and success.

Soichiro Honda (November 17, 1906, – August 5, 1991) is Japanese entrepreneur and inventor, engaged in the development and industrial production of mopeds, motorcycles and cars. He is the founder of the “Honda Motor Co., Inc. corporation” and automobile companies in the U.S. and Japan.

Soichiro Honda is the creator of the popular models of motorcycles and cars: Super Cub, Civic, Accord, Prelude and etc. He is the owner of multibillion-dollar status.

Perhaps it would be difficult to find a person who has not heard about “Honda Motor Company”. And this is not surprising, because people from more than 140 countries around the world buy its bikes, cars, boat motors, mini-tractors, autonomous power stations, tillers for farmers and other mechanisms equipped with gasoline engines.

The beginning

Back in 1956, the company presented to the staff job descriptions with “The Three Joys” they had to learn.

The first of them is the joy of producing. It is a joy known only to the engineer. It is an absolute happiness of the engineers when the good is of great quality is welcomed by society. The second joy is when a seller is happy because a buyer has got a Honda product. The third joy belongs to the buyer. The buyer is so happy that he or she bought the product of Honda.

Honda Company is a unique example of a corporation that successfully works on the markets on five continents; it is a member of prestigious sporting events, it is the Company that is investing in the development of high-tech projects and is working to radically improve the environmental performance of manufactured products. The potential of Honda engineers is fully consistent to the professional level of sales managers around the world. Such a tandem has been ensuring the success of the company for many years and gives confidence to be as successful in the future.

Childhood

Soichiro Honda, the founder of Honda Company, was born on November 17, 1906, in Japan, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka. His mother, Mika, was a weaver, and even designed her own loom to weave particularly complex patterns. And his father, Gihei, was a blacksmith, who ran a bicycle repair business. The bicycle transport became extremely popular in big cities those years. His father was buying broken bikes for a knockdown price in Tokyo, repairing and selling them to all comers. Soichiro was helping his father literally from the cradle and the bicycle parts were his favorite toys.

Helping his father in the smithy, he always got dirty with soot but he was very ingenious. At the end of the quarter at school, all students were handed grade reports, which parents had to stamp with the family seal, instead of putting signatures. Soichiro was not an excellent student, but he did not want to disappoint his parents. So he cut family hieroglyphs on an old tire and “signed” a grade report himself. Soichiro did not realize that the stamp had to be mirror-imaged. He started to make fake stamps for other classmates.

In 1922, after finishing eight years of schooling, Soichiro noticed a job ad in a newspaper: an assistant wanted to Art Shokai auto repair shop in Tokyo. After that he went straight to the capital of Japan. He was accepted, but as the youngest employee, there was left only cleaning and preparing meals job for him. Despite this the owner of the auto repair shop allowed Soichiro to help in the second workshop, where he was designing a racing car every night. During the earthquake in 1923, Soichiro drove out three cars from a burning garage, but he had never sat behind the wheel. Honda was assigned as an assistance at Art Shokai; he helped the workshop’s proprietors, the Sakakibara brothers, in designing a Curtiss race car. Soichiro was a riding mechanic at races and their team took the first place at the fifth Japan Motor Car Championship on November 23, 1924.

There were a lot of other victories behind this success. Art Shokai workshop became one of the most popular garages in Tokyo and in five year after the earthquake, Yuzo Sakakibara expanded his business by opening several branches in the province. One of them was led by 21 year Soichiro in the town of Hamamatsu. Since that memorable earthquake in Tokyo, Honda decided to create durable spare parts for vehicles. Soichiro Honda proposed to replace the wooden spokes to metal ones on the wheels and even received a patent for his invention. Art Shokai was very prosperous and brought considerable revenue. But it was not enough for Honda. He tried to produce piston rings, investing almost all his savings in the research laboratory. But none of the directors of Art Shokai supported him.

Soichiro literally lived in the workshop, developing piston rings. But it didn’t give any fruits. Honda even handed over the jewels of his wife to the pawn shop. Only after that he admitted his incompetence in the foundry business and changed the attitude toward education. Up to that time, Honda had considered science useless. “If the theory promoted creativity, then all teachers would have been the inventors.” – Honda was saying. Now he has decided to acquire the necessary knowledge in the technological school of Hamamatsu. And all his spare time, Honda devoted to the racing car design. Having developed his own method of engine cooling, he resolved the main problem of the all sport cars of that time. His engine did not explode from overheating during a race. Soichiro decided to take part in major competitions to experience his masterpiece.

Race accident

In 1936, Honda took part in the Japanese high-speed rally in Tama River in the suburbs of Tokyo and almost died. His car raced at breakneck speed – 120 km / h. Honda crashed into a suddenly stopped car at the finish. The car turned over thrice in the air, and the champion was thrown out of it. The car was lost forever. Honda’s left arm was fractured, his shoulder was dislocated and his face was damaged. He spent three months at a hospital. The road to the sport was closed forever for him.

Being at the hospital, Soichiro received bad news. Out of 30,000 piston rings, which he produced in the recent years and sent for examination to the Toyota Company, only 50 were accepted for consideration and only three pieces passed quality control tests. In addition, Honda was dropped out of the college because he refused to take the examination: Soichiro needed knowledge, but not a diploma.

Any other man, perhaps, would give up in such situation. But after recovering, Honda opened his own business in Hamamatsu, . In 1937, Honda founded the company ‘Tokai Seiki’ and started producing the piston rings, production technology of which had been finally found. Things went uphill.

The beginning of success

During the Sino-Japanese War and then World War II, Honda’s company was providing “Toyota” with the piston rings by 40%, and also supplied parts to shipbuilding and aircraft manufacturing companies. But with the defeat of Japan in World War II, “Tokay Seiko” came to an end. In 1945, Hamamatsu, was undergone a massive bombardment by American aircraft. Honda assumed that the country is entering into a period of poverty and ruin and decided not to restore the factory, but sold the business to “Toyota” for 450,000 thousand yen. 10,000 ten thousand yen the businessman spent on the purchase of alcohol tank. By installing it in his yard, he said publicly that he was going to rest a year. Indeed, Soichiro spent a year in drunken revels, treating friends with homemade whiskey.

In 1946 Honda opened his own ‘factory’ with a grandiloquent name – ‘Honda Technology Research Institute’ and became engaged in artisanal production of mopeds. He fitted a generator engine of a tiny army radio to a bicycle, used rubber hot water bottle as a fuel tank and filled it with fir oil. There was plenty of fir oil in the countryside of Japan in those times. Honda sold one thousand five hundred of these mopeds, nicknamed ‘choo-choo’ for their sound. Then Honda replaced the engine by a two-stroke engine of his own design. It was the first original Honda A-Type product moped of indefatigable businessman which was developed in 1947. And after two years, the ‘Institute’ became the “Honda Motor Company”.

In 1949, the first model of a motorcycle with a two-stroke engine Soichiro called ‘The Dream’. Two years later he started the production of a model with four-stroke engine. And by 1958, when his model of “Super Cub” model came to the U.S., Honda was already the largest Japanese manufacturer of motorcycles, leaving behind not only 50 Japanese competitors but also 200 competitors from other countries.

As soon as the Honda Motor began producing motorcycles, foreign companies were interested in the production of Honda. To sign up a contract their representatives came to Japan. There was a story which happened with one of the foreign partners and which was included in all the biographies of Honda Soichiro.

Once, Honda overdid when treating a regular guest with sake. The guest felt very bad and during a visit to the WC he dropped his false teeth into the toilet. Honda did not hesitate for a moment and climbed into a cesspool, found the jaw and he went straight into the bathroom, after some time he came out, dashingly dancing with dentures in the mouth. He was able to instantly relieve stress and the deal was saved. Soichiro, recalling the incident, said: “The man, who stands at the head of the company, should be ready to act in such a way that it may seem strange to other employees. It is not necessary to repeat these steps several times: it is enough of one precedent to make your team follow you.”

New management

Rapidly growing company required completely new approaches to management. Management improvements implemented at Honda Company were truly revolutionary. The departments were clearly delineated and were responsible for the scientific and technical developments and units engaged in direct production. Honda Research Center got an autonomous status and it abandoned from the management pyramid. Design engineer’s promotion depended not on the vacated positions but on the personal achievements. Soichiro had always opposed to the hierarchical form of management, believing that “in general, people work harder and more innovative if they are not forced. Quite a different picture of where they are strongly suggested what to do. Honda’s system was designed to raise geniuses who sooner or later will replace him as president.

Incidentally, the fact that Soichiro did not intend to transfer business to heirs, played a very important role in the company receiving long-term bank loans: the financiers were confident that it would be passed into the hands of highly qualified professionals. The quintessence of new approaches to management and production were enunciated by Honda in January 1956. and was called “The Company Principle”. Their essence can be summarized in four basic principles: the creation of new markets, participation of all employees in management, internationalization of production, solution of technical and other problems without looking back to precedents, traditions and common views.

Honda’s motorcycle business was rapidly gaining momentum. In 1961 the company was producing 100 thousand motorcycles per month and in 1968, the company was producing one million motorcycles per month. By the mid-80s, Soichiro was holding in his hands 60% of the world market and by 90s, the company’s production reached 3 million motorcycles a year.

The dream becomes a reality!

Having reached the top in the motorcycle industry, Honda decided that now he can proceed with the implementation of a cherished dream – to create automobiles. When he was a child, he was literally mesmerized when he first saw a car. In his bio, he recalls this impression: “Forgetting about everything in the world, I was running after the car…I was deeply moved…I think it was then, although I was very young, I had the idea that someday I will construct a car myself.”

In the conquest of the automotive market, Honda made a bet on his favorite race cars. The first one was debuted in 1962. While Japanese officials tried to convince him in the futility of the project, arguing that the country did not need another car manufacturer, but energetic entrepreneur did not listen their arguments. In 1970, Soichiro Honda was the winner in the highly competitive automotive industry.

One of the first attacks, Soichiro Honda took on the problem of exhaust gases. None of the world’s car automakers could not handle it directly, and solved it by creating a catalytic converter. And only Honda was able to design the first engine with a low pollution level. This environmentally friendly device he installed to Honda Civic model that was launched into production in 1975 and quickly gained immense popularity.

Ignoring the traditional idea that American workers are not able to assemble high-quality Japanese cars, in the mid-70s, Honda built in Marysville, Ohio a plant which was going to manufacture cars that match the quality standards of the Japanese assembly. Honda Accord that was manufactured there was the sales leader in the U. S in the late 80s. Thanks to this car, Soichiro was the first Japanese leader, noted in the Hall of Fame of the American automobile industry.

At beginning of the 80s, “Honda Motor Co., Inc.” was the third largest producer of cars in Japan. And by the end of the decade, it was the third company in the world.

For elegant solutions to complex engineering problems, Honda has always walked the easiest way. Its production was addressed to all – men, women, teenagers – and every particular. It was designed for very large middle class consumers, who until his producers did not take into account. The main force of the entrepreneur was not only bold and elegant technical solutions, the beauty of design, but also in the market intuition, which he possessed by nature.

To Honda’s opinion, the secret of his success lies in the fact that he had always been guided by the empirical method of “trials and errors”. And he also believed that “employers must be willing to set incredible goals and be ready for defeat”.

Another essential quality of a businessman, according to Soichiro, is the ability to take risks. He did not admit defeat and was willing to risk everything for his beliefs and ideas, in order to achieve set goal.

Among his employees, he was known as “Mr. Thunderstorm”. He got this nickname for emotional outbursts. Honda was loved, by yet was feared his wrath. Soichiro Honda served as an example of a man with perseverance, modesty, pleasant manners and with the ability to accept mistakes as a valuable asset to his employees and family – his wife, Sachi and his children (two boys and two daughters).

A turning point for “Honda”!

While Honda vehicles quickly and confidently took the leading place in the world market, he had been the stepchild in Japanese automotive industry. The reason for his rejection of Japan’s business world was in the denial of businessman traditional pillars of the economy. His rebelliousness was especially manifested in the early 70s, when Japan had the oil crisis and all of the manufacturers agreed to reduce output and raise prices. But only Soichiro refused to participate in that and did everything to oppose the scenario: he doubled the production and lowered prices. And he was right. The company’s sales of Nissan and Toyota fell by 40%, while Honda’s ones did grow up by 76%.

All his life this rebellious businessman was tirelessly fighting with traditions. For example, he refused to hire professionals for many times, who had received higher education, because he believed that dogmatic thinking would be a hindrance in the search for new ways of development. He resisted the influence of business traditions to the world of Honda Motor, which always had its principles. But he never renounced his errors about which he said: “Looking back on my work, I feel that I was doing nothing more than mistakes, blunders and serious omissions. But I am proud of the achievements. Although I did one mistake after another, my mistakes and failures never occurred to the same reasons”.

Honda had worked for 65 years in the company and personally tested every new car. He never admitted his relatives to the leadership: “No matter how outstanding could be the company’s founder; there is no guarantee that his son would be capable of the same. The company’s management should be given to a person who has the distinctive qualities of a leader.”

Withdrawal

In 1973, Honda Motor Co., Inc. celebrated its 25th anniversary. During the board of directors meeting, dedicated to this event, Soichiro Honda declared that he was going to retire. The new president, as expected, was chosen from among the employees. The founding father was fond of saying that the company thrives when its former chief appears there as seldom as possible. So his departure from the office was final.

But Honda was full of energy to remain idle. He was elected as the vice-president of the Tokyo Chamber of Commerce and the Association of Japanese Automotive Industry. He founded two NGOs – the International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences and the Honda Foundation and also studied the influence of science and technology on the environment and developed an environmentally friendly technology. He also lectured at international conferences.

The legendary businessman died on August 5, 1991. By the end of his life, he came up with a large store of achievements, which were 470 inventions and 150 patents, honorary doctorate at Michigan Technical University and Ohio State University, the highest honor of his country – Japan’s Blue Ribbon – and many other more achievements. Starting a business having $3,200 thousand dollars, he created the largest company with annual revenue of more than $30 billion dollars.

Soichiro Honda once said: “Many people dream of success. I believe that success can be achieved only through repeated failure and self-analysis. Success is only one percent of your work, and the rest – bold overcoming of obstacles. If you are not afraid of them, success will come to you itself”. Today’s prosperity of Honda Motor Co., Inc. proves the truth of its founder.

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The life story of Shania Twain

Singer-songwriter Shania Twain found success by combining country and pop music. She became an international star following the release of her 1997 album “Come On Over”.

In the following text, I will describe to you the life story of Shania Twain.

Who Is Shania Twain?

A music lover early on, Shania Twain started writing songs at age 10. Twain enjoyed success with her second album, “The Woman in Me” (1995), before delivering the best-selling country album in history with “Come on Over” (1997). Following a lengthy hiatus due to personal and health problems, Twain returned to the spotlight with a memoir in 2011 and embarked on a Las Vegas residency in 2012. She released her first album of original material in 15 years with 2017’s Now, and made her feature film debut in 2019 with “Trading Paint”.

Early life

On August 28, 1965, Eilleen Regina Edwards — who would later change her name to Shania Twain — was born in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. Her parents divorced when she was young, but her mother, Sharon, soon remarried, to a man named Jerry Twain, a member of the Ojibwa tribe. Jerry adopted Sharon’s three daughters, and the 4-year-old Eilleen became Eilleen Twain.

Twain grew up in the small town of Timmins, located in Ontario. There, her family often struggled to make ends meet, and Twain sometimes had nothing more than a “poor man’s sandwich” (bread spread with mayonnaise or mustard) for lunch at school. Jerry also had a violent streak, and Twain and her siblings witnessed him attack Sharon on more than one occasion.

But music was a bright spot in Twain’s childhood. She was singing by the age of 3, playing the guitar at 8 and penning her own songs at 10. Sharon embraced her daughter’s talent, making sacrifices the family could ill afford in order to get Twain to lessons and gigs. With her mother’s encouragement, Twain grew up singing in clubs and at community events, with occasional forays into television and radio.

Overcoming a family tragedy

At 18, Twain decided to try and make a go of her singing career in Toronto. She found work, but didn’t make enough to support herself without taking odd jobs, which included a stint at McDonald’s.

In 1987, however, Twain’s life was upended when her parents died in a car crash. In order to support her three younger siblings (in addition to Twain’s younger sister, Sharon and Jerry had a son together and had also adopted Jerry’s nephew), Twain returned to Timmins and took a job singing as part of a Las Vegas–style show at the nearby Deerhurst resort in Huntsville, Ontario.

However, Twain hadn’t given up on making her own music, and she continued to write songs in her free time. Her demo made it to Nashville, and she was subsequently signed to Polygram Records (which became Mercury Nashville).

Early Career in Nashville

Her new label may have liked Twain’s music, but they didn’t care for the name Eilleen Twain. As Twain wanted to keep her last name to honor her adoptive father, she opted to change her first name instead, to Shania, an Ojibwe word that means “I’m on my way.”

Debut Album: “Shania Twain”

Encouraged to use songs written by others, Twain lamented her lack of artistic control in Nashville. Still, her first album, titled Shania Twain, was released in 1993. The album was not a big success (though Twain’s video for “What Made You Say That,” which featured her wearing a crop top, got plenty of attention), but it did reach one important fan: Robert John “Mutt” Lange, who’d produced albums for groups such as AC/DC, the Cars and Def Leppard. After getting in touch with Twain, Lange set to work with her on her next album.

Albums and songs

“The Woman in Me”

Twain and Lange co-wrote 10 of the 12 tracks for Twain’s next album, “The Woman in Me” (1995). Twain loved the album, but given Lange’s rock background and the record’s forays into pop as well as country music, she worried about how people would react.

She needn’t have been concerned. The first single, “Whose Bed Have Your Boots Been Under?” reached No. 11 on the country charts. The follow-up single, the rock-infused “Any Man of Mine,” soared to No. 1 on the country charts and was also a Top 40 pop hit. Twain received four Grammy nominations the following year, and won Best Country Album. A critical and commercial success, “The Woman in” Me would reach eventually reach more than 12 million in U.S. sales.

“Come On Over”

Twain’s subsequent album, “Come On Over“(1997), another co-production with Lange, further fused country and pop. It also had more chart-topping songs, including pumped-up anthems such as “Man! I Feel Like A Woman!” and “That Don’t Impress Me Much”, as well as romantic ballads such as “You’re Still the One” and “From This Moment On”.

In 1999, “You’re Still The One” earned Twain two Grammy s, one for Best Country Song and another for Best Female Country Vocal Performance. The song also reached No. 1 on Billboard’s country charts. The next year, Twain took home another two Grammy s when “Come On Over” was named Best Country Song and “Man! I Feel Like A Woman!” won for Best Female Country Vocal Performance.

“Come On Over” reigned at No. 1 on the country charts for a combined 50 weeks. It became the best-selling country album of all time—reaching 40 million in worldwide sales—as well as the top-selling album by a solo female artist. With the success of “Come On Over”, followed by a popular tour, Twain became an international star.

“Up!” and “Greatest Hits”

In 2002, Twain’s “Up”! was released. There were three versions of the album: a pop red version, a country green disc and a blue version that had an international, Bollywood-influenced flavor. The red and green combination reached No. 1 on Billboard’s country and Top 200 charts (the rest of the world got the red-blue pairing, which was also a success). However, sales dipped compared to Twain’s previous monster hits, with 5.5 million copies sold in the United States.

By 2004, Shania Twain had recorded enough material for her first compilation of the greatest hits. It was released in the fall of that year, the album would top and the charts and eventually go quadruple platinum.

Marriages and personal Life

Twain’s personal life seemed to take off alongside her career. After working with Lange over the phone for months, the pair finally met in person in June 1993. Six months later, they were married.

Hoping to find themselves greater privacy, Twain and Lange relocated to a luxurious Swiss estate. While living in Switzerland, in 2001 Twain gave birth to a son, Eja D’Angelo Lange. Twain also struck up a friendship with Marie-Anne Thiébaud, who worked as an assistant for the couple.

In 2008, Twain and Lange separated, with Twain devastated to have discovered that her husband was having an affair with Thiébaud. Twain and Lange’s divorce was finalized two years later.

The separation and divorce were extremely difficult for Twain. Not only had her marriage ended, but she’d lost someone who had helped guide her career. Around this time, Twain began experiencing dysphonia, a tightening of the vocal muscles that made it difficult for her to sing.

However, there was one person who could understand what Twain was experiencing—Frédéric Thiébaud, Marie-Anne’s ex-husband. Twain and Frederic grew closer, and the two wed on New Year’s Day in 2011.

Return to the Spotlight

“Why Not?” and Memoir

Fortunately for Twain’s career—and her fans—the singer was able to overcome her dysphonia. Some of her healing process could be seen in the television series “Why Not? with Shania Twain”, which aired on the Oprah Winfrey Network in 2011. Twain also wrote a memoir, “From This Moment On”, which was published that May. Later the same year she was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame.

Las Vegas Residencies

In 2012, Twain stepped fully back into the public eye when she began a series of elaborate shows at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas, Nevada. The production was titled “Shania: Still the One” and was a highly successful attraction during its two-year run. A live album of the show was released in March 2015.

The performer later returned to Vegas in December 2019 for a residency at Planet Hollywood’s Zappos Theater, this one titled “Let’s Go”!

“Now”

In March 2015, Twain announced plans for a summer tour to take her through 48 cities. Meanwhile, she worked on new music, with the release of the singles “Life’s About to Get Good” and “Swinging’ with My Eyes Closed” in mid-2017 heralding the arrival of her long-awaited comeback album.

Twain unveiled “Now”, her first studio album of original songs since 2002’s “Up”!, in late September 2017. Although the material drew mixed reviews, “Now” topped the Billboard country charts and Hot 200 in the U.S., and reached No. 1 in several other countries as well.

Films

 

After years of occasional appearances on TV shows like “American Idol” and “Broad City”, Twain made her feature film debut alongside John Travolta in the 2019 racing film “Trading Paint”. The following year, she played the mother of Christian singer and songwriter Jeremy Camp (portrayed by KJ Apa) in “I Still Believe”.

 

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Colonel Harland Sanders biography: Inspiring History of KFC

In this success story, we are going to share Colonel Harland Sanders biography: Inspiring History of KFC, an American restaurant chain that he founded. Enjoy reading a life story about entrepreneurship, delicious food, trials and failures, and brilliant success.

Colonel Harland David Sanders (September 09, 1890 – December 16, 1980) is an American entrepreneur who founded the Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) restaurant chain. KFC (Kentucky Fried Chicken) is one of the oldest fast-food restaurant chains in the United States. It is famous for its fried chicken to the whole world.

Early Childhood

Harland David Sanders was born on September 09, 1890 on a country road three miles (4.8 km) east of Henryville, Indiana. It must be said that Sanders’ childhood was tough. First, he was not the only child in the family, who was not very rich. He was the oldest of three children born to Wilbur David and Margaret Ann Sanders.

His father worked part-time, doing some errands of farmers in Henryville. Mother did not work, as she had to take care of the children.

The problems began when the father of Harland Sanders suddenly died. In 1895 one summer afternoon, Sanders’ father came back home with a fever and died later that day. This occurred when the future founder of KFC was only 6 years old. His life changed dramatically. First, his mother went to work at a tomato-canning factory to feed the family somehow. And Harland Sanders was required to be a babysitter and take care of younger brother and sister at home.

This fact was the key to his life. Since these factors have contributed to the development of Sanders as the chef, all the relatives began to notice that the little boy was a real talent in this case.

When his mother remarried, he escaped from home because his stepfather beat him. Sanders falsified his birth date and volunteered for the U.S. Army at the age of 15 years. He served a full term and ended his service in Cuba. During his early years, Sanders had to work as a steamboat pilot, insurance agent, farmer, etc. Finally, he found a good regular job as a fireman in the U.S. railway company.

Life is Getting Better

In 1908, having a stable income, Harland Sanders married Josephine King. He had three children, a son, Harland, Jr., who died at an early age, and two daughters, Mildred Sanders Ruggles and Margaret Sanders. After a while, he was fired for insubordination. His wife Josephine left him taken the children back to her parents’ home. Her brother later wrote Harland a letter where he said: “She had no business marrying a no-good fellow like you who can’t hold a job.” Over the years he tried a lot of other jobs but did not find any, which he could work at for a long time.

At 40 years Harland had to change dozens of occupations. One time Harland Sanders was trying to obtain an education enrolling in law courses, but for an unknown reason, he did not finish them.

However, when Harland was already in his 40s, he had little capital accumulated over the years. For a long time, Sanders was in despair. Most of his life already passed, but he still was a man, who made no difference, did not have enough money to live in pleasure and wealth. He was disappointed in life. And, of course, he wanted to change it.

Harland Sanders bought a service station, motel, and cafe at Corbin, a town in Kentucky about 25 miles from the Tennessee border. It must be noted that Harland seriously thought about the location of his service station, selecting the best place for it. Along this road, people traveled to Florida, and other locations from northern states, and the flow of customers was endless.

Soon, Colonel Sanders began serving meals to his clients in the living quarters because he did not have a restaurant. He was cooking chicken dishes and other meals such as country ham and steaks in the kitchen. Soon his service station became famous throughout Kentucky. It was called “Kentucky Fried Chicken of Harland Sanders.” All customers noted the quality of its seasoning, which he prepared from 11 different spices. Life began to improve.

In order to increase his income, Harland bought a pressure cooker. It was a time when this type of pans just appeared on the market. He was one of the first chefs assessed the advantages of pressure cookers. Usually, it took about 30 minutes to prepare chicken, but now it’s time has been reduced to 9 minutes. That meant that customers did not have to wait so long for a meal, and it increased the number of orders.

A significant event in the life of Sanders happened in 1935, when the governor of Kentucky, Ruby Laffoon, awarded Harland the title of Kentucky Colonel for services to the state. And indeed, they were great: in fact, people all over the county were talking about the “national dish” of the state from Colonel Harland Sanders.

At that time, Sanders realized that he needed to refocus his business from the service station to something bigger. In 1937, he opened the motel Sanders Court &  Café, which was also an independent fast-food restaurant. However, fast-food restaurants, such as McDonald’s and Sanders Court & Cafe, were not comparable. The reason for this is that Colonel Sanders spent about 10-15 minutes to prepare an order. So it could not be called a fully functional fast-food restaurant.

In 1947, Harland and Josephine divorced. And in 1949, Sanders finally married his secretary Claudia Ledington. In 1949, Sanders was honored once again with the title of Kentucky colonel, this time by Lieutenant Governor Lawrence Weatherby.

Being a Colonel, Harland Sanders developed his appearance, starting to wear a white suit and black bow tie. And nowadays Harland Sanders is portrayed on the logos of KFC. This image quickly entered the hearts of ordinary Americans, who loved a small restaurant of Sanders. He had so many clients and net worth as he had never had before. He felt success.

Of course, from time to time, there were minor technical difficulties and problems with suppliers. Once even the building of motel burned down. It was built up again quickly and resumed its job within a few months after the accident. In addition, the state government tried to help Harland because his fried chicken was a showplace in Kentucky.

But life dealt a blow to Sanders. In 1956, there was completed the construction of Interstate 75, bypassing Corbin. Sanders’ restaurant was out of sight from passing by travelers. The number of customers decreased dramatically. The once-successful business rolled down. He was forced to sell the property for $75,000 to pay his debts. He was almost broke when he was 66 years old, living off a monthly Social Security check of $105 and some savings. After a while, Sanders decided to move to Shelbyville, Kentucky.

KFC Secret Recipe Sold to Restaurants

Upon reflection, he came to the conclusion that he can sell his recipe to other restaurants. With nothing to lose, Sanders took his spices and pressure cooker and traveled throughout the U.S. in his 1946 Ford.

He started visiting other restaurants in America. When meeting a potential franchisee, he talked about the recipe of cooking chicken and its seasoning. It took a long time before he could find the first customer. Under the contract, Sanders received just 5 cents for each of his sold chicken. Not bad, considering that the volume of orders grew steadily. Needless to say that in the early ’60s, Colonel Sanders had a few hundred franchisees across the U.S. restaurants.

And after 4 years Kentucky Fried Chicken was at the peak of glory, and the old Colonel decided to sell the corporation to a private investor John Y. Brown, Jr. Under the deal, he received $ 2 million in cash and remained the official face of the company for which he was paid about 250,000 dollars a year. Colonel Sanders net worth estimated at $3.5 million. He just had to meet with the media, customers, employees, in general, to lead marketing.

In 1980, at the age of 90 years, Harland Sanders died. In recent years he was traveling, playing golf and running their own restaurant Claudia Sanders’ Dinner House with his wife. He got disappointed at KFC because he thought that in the pursuit of the lowest price and speed – the owners went to a compromise on the quality of chickens. However, after the death of Colonel, the story was not over.

KFC Nowadays

In 1986, it was acquired, by the famous Pepsi Co. In 2002 the KFC was acquired by Yum! Brands. In addition to KFC, the company owns Pizza Hut and Taco Bell restaurants. David C. Novak is the current Chairman and CEO of Yum! Brands.

The chain of more than 39 000 restaurants operates in more than 50 countries around the world. Yum! Brands prefer to use the strategy of co-branding. There are many varieties of foods such as fried chicken, chicken burgers (chicken sandwiches, US), wraps, French fries, soft drinks, salads, desserts, breakfast, etc.

Currently, Yum! Brands employ more than 1,500,000 employees and the net income as of 2013 amounted to $1.091 billion.

 

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Good returns to good

Our lives are turning with the globe. You never know where life might throw us in that relentless movement. In a moment we can be on the throne, and in the same amount of time we are at the bottom. But no matter where we are, we have to behave the way we should. Look at what this instructive story of kindness tells us, the story of a poor boy who never forgot his bottom.

This story shows that in life, good returns to good!

A glass of milk

The poor boy sold goods door to door to go to school. One day, since he had no money and was very hungry, he decided to ask for a meal in the first house he came across.

But when the young woman opened the door, he only dared to ask for a glass of water. She looked at him and realized that the boy was probably hungry. Soon, she brought him a large glass of milk. He quickly drank the milk, and asked the girl how much she should pay. She replied: “You don’t owe anything. Our mother taught us never to accept money for the kindness we do. ” “Then thank you from the bottom of my heart,” he said and felt that he was now stronger, not only physically, but also mentally, he felt ready to face all the difficulties that life brings.

It’s been years. One day that woman became seriously ill. Local doctors could not help her, so they sent her to a bigger city, to a specialist. One young doctor was invited for a consultation. When he entered the hospital room, he immediately recognized the woman, it was the same one who helped him when he was poor, the same one who poured all his strength and kindness into a glass of milk, just when he needed it most. The doctor was determined to do everything and help the woman recover from that serious illness.

The treatment lasted a long time, but together they managed to overcome the disease. After some time, the woman received a bill for her treatment. She was worried that the bill would be so great, that she would need the rest of her life to settle it. Finally, when the woman looked at the bill, instead of the amount, there were the words: “Paid in full with a glass of milk”.

 

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A motivational story about love, health, or success?

In the following text, I will tell you an instructive motivational story about love, health or success?

The woman came out of the house and saw three older men with long gray beards sitting in her yard. She didn’t recognize them.

She said: “I don’t think I know you, but I believe you are hungry. Enter the house and eat something. ”

“Is the husband at home?” They asked.

“No,” she replied. “He’s out.”

“Then we can’t go in,” they replied.

In the evening, when her husband came home, she told him what had happened.

“Go, tell them I’m home and invite them inside!” The woman really went and invited the old men to come in.

“We can’t enter the house together,” they replied.

“Why now?” She asked.

Female doctor with the stethoscope holding heart

One of the old men began to explain to her, “His name is Health,” he said, pointing to a friend. Pointing to the other, he said, “He is Success, and I am Love.” He added, “Now go and agree with your husband when you want to have us in your home.”

The woman entered the house and told her husband what he had said.

The husband was delighted. “Wonderful !!” he said. “If so, let’s call Health. Let him come in and fill our home with health! ”

The woman disagreed. “My dear, why not call Success?”

Their daughter was listening at the other end of the house. She jumped in with her suggestion: “Wouldn’t it be better to invite Love? Our home would then be filled with love! ”

“Let’s take her advice,” the husband told the woman. “Go and invite Love, let him be our guest.” The woman went outside and asked, “Which one of you is Love?” Please come in and be our guest. ”Love got up and started walking towards the house. The other two got up at the same moment and followed him.

Surprised, the woman asked Health and Success: “I only invited Love, why are you coming in?” The old men answered aloud: “If you had invited Health or Success, the other two would have stayed outside. You have called Love and wherever he goes, we both go with him. Wherever there is love, there is also health and success!

I hope you liked story about love, health and success?

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