Jack Ma – a life story

He failed the entrance exam for college twice and could not find a job for a long time. He tried to enroll at Harvard ten times and was rejected all ten times. Then he founded the internet company “Alibaba” with which he became one of the most successful and most powerful people in the world.

Jack Ma, a life story, his real name is Ma Jun, grew up in poverty, and today he owns a business worth 460 billion dollars. His personal fortune is estimated at 40 billion dollars.

How did it all start?

He was born on October 10, 1964, in the city of Hangzhou, in the eastern part of China, at a time when communist China was isolated from the Western world. Given the unfavorable conditions in the country, he grew up in poverty.

As a boy, Ma was small, but that didn’t stop him from fighting with his schoolmates. “I was never afraid to stand on the line of those older and stronger than myself,” Ma explained in his biographical book. That fearlessness determined his path to success in the business world.

He repeated the class four times in elementary and high school!

After being rejected at Harvard, he tried to get a job in the police. Of the five who applied, only Jack was rejected, telling him that he was “not good”! He applied, along with twenty-four other candidates, for a job at KFC, but again, only he was not accepted!

But what he had, and many others did not, was an entrepreneurial spirit, helpfulness and a desire to learn! Namely, after US President Richard Nixon visited Hangzhou in 1972., that city became a tourist Mecca, which was visited by tourists from all over the world. As a teenager, Ma figured out how to take advantage of the favorable position he found himself in. He got up early every day and went to the main city hotel, which was a favorite place to accommodate foreign tourists and offered visitors a tour of the city, in exchange for English lessons. One of the tourists, with whom he became friends, gave him the nickname “Jack”.

Without money and acquaintances with influential people, the only thing left for him to do, in order to succeed, was to dedicate himself to education. However, after finishing high school, he tried to enroll in studies twice, both times without success. Finally, for the third time, he managed to enroll in the Hangzhou Teachers’ Training Institute, where he graduated in 1988, and immediately after graduating, he started looking for a job. After being rejected several times, as I mentioned, he finally got a job as an English professor at a local university, where he earned only $12 a month!

Arrival in the USA

The moment that determined his future was his stay in the USA, in 1995, where Ma discovered the internet that enchanted him! The first word he typed into the internet search was the word ‘beer’ and he was surprised to see that no Chinese beer appeared in the search results. Then he decided to establish an internet company, specially intended for China and Chinese products.

Although the first two attempts to found the company were unsuccessful, Ma was adamant in his intention to start his own internet company. He gathered a group of friends (seventeen of them) and convinced them to invest their money in realizing his idea – creating an online store, which he called “Alibaba”. The idea was that this new site would allow exporters to publish product lists, which customers could then order directly, online. The very name “Alibaba” refers to the story of “Alibaba” and 40 bandits, in which a special password opens the door to a cave in which there are immeasurable wealth and thus refers to the symbolism in which his web store opened the door to endless opportunities in the global market.

This service soon began to attract users from all over the world. By October 1999, the company had raised five million dollars from Goldman Sachs and twenty million from Softbank. Despite the rapid and growing success, the company “Alibaba” has maintained the image of a youth startup, which was driven by ideas, enthusiasm and desire for change.

As the “dot com” expansion marked the end of 2000, the company faced serious challenges in the international market. Ma has successfully reorganized the company’s operations, which includes the loss of many of the company’s international branches, and has focused on strengthening “Alibaba”s position in the Chinese market.

“We will succeed, because we are young and never, BUT we NEVER give up”, are the words that Jack Ma said to his employees at every meeting (this is confirmed by the fact that in the first three years of business, “”Alibaba”” had no profit)!

Innovation and a huge desire to stand out were the main drivers of the team, which stood behind this internet giant. Soon the results came; In 2005, Yahoo invested $1 billion in the company in exchange for a 40 percent stake, which was a huge deal for the Chinese company, which sought to oust US eBay from the top spot in online stores in China.

“If you want to succeed, you have to learn from a competitor, but not copy it. Copying is death at work “- is one of the famous thoughts of Jack Ma.

“Our philosophy is to build an ecosystem and encourage others to produce, change, sell and thrive. With our technology, innovation and partners, our customers (10 million re sellers on the site) can even compete with Microsoft and IBM. ”

In addition to becoming one of the most successful companies in the world, “Alibaba” aims to rank among the largest powers in the world economy by 2036. Namely, the Chinese company is already economically stronger than countries such as Sweden, Poland, Iran, Norway and Austria.

“If a company can serve two billion consumers, that’s one-third of the world’s total population. If it can create 100 million jobs, that’s probably more than most governments can achieve. And if it can support its businesses with 10 million… it’s called the economy, “said Jack Ma.

The goal set by Jack Ma for his company can be achieved, especially if we take into account that “Alibaba” plans to earn a billion dollars by 2020, which would make it the 16th economy in the world, bigger than Turkey or Saudi Arabia. At that pace, in 2036, “Alibaba” would be the world’s fifth largest economy, just behind the United States, China, the EU and Japan.

I will end this instructive story with the motto of Jack Ma himself, who leads him through life:

“It is cruel today. More cruel tomorrow. It will be nice the day after tomorrow! ”

I hope you enjoyed the biography of the Richest Chinese and one of the richest people in the world!

“Never defeat, only lessons”!



I hope you liked the biography of Jack Ma?

If you have any questions or suggestions, please leave them in the comments!

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Steve Jobs – one of the best motivational speeches

This is a transcript of a welcome speech by Steve Jobs, one of the best motivational speeches, CEO of Apple and Pixar Animation, given to Stanford College graduates. The speech consists of three stories in which Steve describes how he dropped out of college, how he founded Apple, how he was fired from the company he founded and how he eventually returned to Apple as CEO. It talks about ups, downs, life and death.

STEVE JOBS (1955. – 2011.)

“I am honored to be with you today, at your graduation at one of the largest faculties in the world. Truth be told, I never graduated from college, this is the closest I’ve ever been to it. Today, I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it, nothing very important. Just three stories.

The first story is about stacking dice.

I dropped out of Reed College after the first six months, but I stopped by There occasionally over the next eighteen months, before I actually dropped out.

So why did I give up? It started before I was really born. My biological mother was a young, unmarried college student and she decided to give me up for adoption. She had a strong conviction that I should be adopted by those who graduated so that everything was set up for me so that I was adopted by a lawyer and his wife at birth. However, when I was born, they decided at the last minute that they actually wanted a girl. So, my parents, who were on the waiting list, had a call in the middle of the night: “Unexpectedly, we have a male baby, do you want her?”.

They said, “Of course.”

My biological mother later learned that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never finished high school. She refused to sign the final document for adoption. She relented a few months later when my parents promised that one day I would go to college. This was the beginning of my life. Seventeen years later, I went to college. However, I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents ’savings were spent on tuition for my college. After six months, I couldn’t find any value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life. And I had no idea how college would help me figure that out. And so I spent all the money of my parents, who saved it all their lives. I decided to give up and believe that everything would be fine. It was pretty scary back then, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I’ve ever made. The minute I dropped out of college, I could stop going to compulsory classes that didn’t interest me and start going to those that seemed interesting to me. It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in my friends ’rooms. I collected Coca-Cola bottles for a 5 cent deposit to buy food and walk 11km around town on Sunday nights to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna Temple. I loved it. And much of what I came across following my curiosity and intuition turned into something priceless later.

Let me give you one example: Reed College at the time offered perhaps the best calligraphy classes in the country. On campus, each poster and sticker on each drawer was beautifully handwritten. Since I dropped out of college and didn’t have to attend normal classes, I decided to take calligraphy classes to learn it. I learned about serif and beserif font types, about the variations in the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes excellent typography excellent. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science cannot register, and I realized that it was fascinating.

However, none of this offered hope for any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we designed the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. We built it all into a Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never taken that course in college, a Mac would never have had numerous font types or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows simply copied the Mac, it’s likely that no PC today would have that.

If I had never dropped out of college I would never have gone to calligraphy classes and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography they have. Of course, when I was in college, it was impossible to put these cubes together looking ahead. But looking back 10 years later, that is very, very clear. Again, you can’t stack dice by looking ahead, you can only stack them by looking back.

So, you have to believe that the dots will connect in your future. You have to believe in something, your loop, destiny, life, karma, whatever. Because believing that the dice will come together gives you the confidence to follow your heart even when you feel like you have strayed from the beaten path and that will create a decisive advantage in life.

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky – I found what I loved to do early in life. Voz and I founded Apple in my parents ’garage when I was 20 years old. We worked hard and in 10 years, Apple has grown from just the two of us into a $ 2 billion company with over 4,000 employees! Our best creation – we made a Macintosh a year earlier and I just turned 30.

And then I got fired! How can you get fired from a company you founded? Well, as Apple grew, we hired someone when I thought he was very talented, to run the company with me, and in the first years, things went well. But then our visions of the future began to separate and we eventually parted ways. When that happened, our top executives sided with him. So, in my 30s, I was kicked out. And that very publicly thrown out. What was the focus of my whole life disappeared and it was devastating. For several months I really didn’t know what to do. I felt like I had let down the previous generation of entrepreneurs – as if I had dropped the baton that had been handed to me.

I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing things up. It was a very public failure and I was even thinking of escaping from the valley. But, slowly, something started to occur to me: I still loved what I was doing! Developments at Apple have not changed that in the slightest. I was rejected, but I still introduced was in love. So I decided to start over!

I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that the dismissal from Apple was the best thing that could ever happen to me! The difficulty of being successful has been replaced by the ease and freshness of a new beginning, less certain about everything. It set me free to enter one of the most creative periods of my life. Over the next five years, I started a company called NeXT, another company called Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar has created the world’s first animated film – Toy Story and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In an amazing turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I went back to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. Lorin and I have a wonderful family together.

I’m pretty sure – none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired from Apple. It was a medicine with a terrible taste, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith. I am convinced that the only thing that forced me to continue was that I did what I loved. You have to find what you love.

This is as true for business as it is for your partners. Your work will take up a large part of your life and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you think is a great job. And the only way to do a great job is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t calm down. As is the case with all things of the heart, you will know when you find it. As with all great relationships, it gets better and better with age.

So keep searching until you find it. Don’t calm down!

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that was something like this: “If you live each day as if it were your last, one day you will surely be right.” It made an impression on me and since then, for the last 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself, “If today is my last day in life, do I want to do what I should be doing today?” And whenever the answer is “NO”, for many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

The reminder that I will soon be dead is the most important tool I have ever come across to help me make great choices in life. Because almost everything – all external expectations, all pride, all fear of shame or failure – these things simply disappear in the face of death, leaving only what is really important. Reminding that you are going to die is the best way, as far as I know, to avoid the traps of thinking that you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago, I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7.30 in the morning and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even know what the pancreas was. Doctors told me that this is almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is a medical code to prepare you to die. That meant trying to tell our kids everything we wanted in the next ten years in just a few months. That means making sure everything is arranged so that it is as easy as possible for your family. That means saying your “goodbye.” I lived with that diagnosis all day. Late that evening, I had a biopsy, in which they put an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and intestines, put a needle in my pancreas and took a few cells from the tumor. I was under sedation, but my wife, who was There, told me that when they saw the cancer cells under a microscope, the doctors started crying, because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that could be cured by surgery. I had surgery and now I’m fine.

This was my closest confrontation with death and I hope it is the closest for the next few decades. Having survived that, I can now speak to you with a little more confidence than was the case when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept. Nobody wants to die. Teas and people who want to go to heaven do not want to die to go There. And yet, death is a destination we all share. No one ever escaped. And so it should be because death is very likely the best invention of life. It is an agent of life change. She erases the old to make way for the new. Right now, it is you who is new, but one day not so far from now, you will gradually become old and you will be cleansed. I’m sorry I’m so dramatic, but that’s quite true.

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma, which means living with other people’s thinking results. Don’t let the noise of other people’s opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most importantly, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They already somehow know what you really want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, There was one amazing publication called “Catalog of the Whole Earth,” which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was made by Stuart Brand, not far from here, in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic feeling. That was in the late 60s, before There were personal computers and electronic publishing, so everything was done using typewriters, scissors and Polaroid cameras. It was a kind of Google in paper form, 35 years before Google appeared, it was idealistic and full of neat tools and important concepts. Stewart and his team published several editions of the “Catalog of the Whole Earth” and then decided to publish the latest edition. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back of the book of their latest edition was a photo of an early morning trip, the kind of road you could hitchhike on if you’re adventurous. Below it were the words: “Stay eager (knowledge). Stay frivolous. ” That was their farewell message.


Stay eager (knowledge). Stay frivolous. And I’ve always wanted it for myself, and now that you’re graduating and new again, I want it for you.

Stay eager (knowledge).

Stay frivolous.

Thank you all very much”.


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Sylvester Stallone’s life story

“His whole life was a million to one shot”!

You must be wondering who that is? His name is Sylvester Stallone (real name Michael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone), who, in addition to acting, also directs and writes screenplays.

I’m going to tell you Sylvester Stallone’s life story, one of the most famous actors of today!


He was born on July 6, 1946. In Hell’s Kitchen, New York, as the first child of hairdresser Frank Stallone, an immigrant from Italy, and Jacqueline, born Labovich, a Jew from Odessa, who studied astrology and dance. During the birth, Sylvester’s nerves were damaged by forceps, so the lower part of his face, including the part of his tongue and lips, remained paralyzed, and that is why his face was distorted and his speech was slurred. In addition to the physical damage, he also had psychological traumas: while the parents were working and arguing violently, the boy was raised by foster families – he later said that he developed his acting talent by trying to please the foster parents.

After his parents divorced, Stallone stayed with his mother, who sent him to a steppe school – a kind of dance, one of the few from which he was not expelled (He was a very naughty boy and was expelled from 14 schools. He enrolled in a special high school in which the problematic students went).

He managed to finish high school in Philadelphia, where he distinguished himself as a discus thrower and enrolled at the American College in Switzerland with a sport’s scholarship. There, he appeared in the drama “Death of a Merchant Traveler” and became interested in acting.

Even as a very young man, he wanted to become an actor. At every audition he went to, he would be rejected. His handicaps and his physical appearance were ridiculed by the commissions. He was told that he looked like an idiot and that he needed to do something else. And if he was aware of his shortcomings and shortcomings, he still had only one wish – to become an actor. He himself once stated that he tried his luck at as many as 30 auditions.

After returning to the United States, he studied drama for two years, and then moved to his native New York, hoping for an acting career. Instead, however, he worked as a cage cleaner at the Central Park Zoo and tore up tickets at the Baronet cinema, from where he was fired for trying to resell a ticket to the hit “M.A.S.H. – to the owner of the cinema. He only got small and unnoticed roles, and even when he appeared as a guest in the TV series “Police Story” and “Kodiak”, many did not believe that there would be anything from his acting career!

In December 1974, Stallone married actress Sasha Chuck, four years his junior, after which they moved to Hollywood in hopes of doing better. They rented a cramped apartment where cockroaches walked around, for which they paid 215 dollars a month, and soon they didn’t have the money for that either. In order to be able to pay his rent, Stallone secretly took his wife’s jewelry and sold it! When she found out, the woman left him!

Since he had no money, he decided to sell his dog, whom he loved very much, but he could not support him. He asked for $ 50 for it, but got $ 25! Since he had no choice, he accepted the offer and, crying, left! It was one of the most difficult moments in his life, as he later stated himself.

He stayed on the street… For three weeks he slept on the bench of the New York bus station and swam in the city pool – he reached the very bottom.

The key moment in his life was going to the public library. But not to read something, but just to warm up. And sitting like that on a chair, his gaze stopped on a book accidentally left behind. These were the stories of “Ed Grain”.

I will quote Stallone’s words, how that book helped him:

“It simply came to my notice then. It made me think about how I could influence other people, touch them, not think only of myself. Maybe I decide to be a writer, said Stallone”.

A turning point in life

After that, he watched a boxing match between Muhammad Ali and Chuck Wepner which is a turning point in his life! In that match, Wepner received a big beating, but he stayed in the match and fought in all fifteen rounds.

His fighting spirit inspired Stallone to write a screenplay for a film called “Rocky”. He wrote for 20 hours non-stop! When he finished, he was excited and all shaking, because he knew it was the right thing to do!

The next step was to find interested parties to make the film. In the agencies he offered, they read and said: “well, this is funny”, “this is predictable”, “this will not pass”. It didn’t discourage him, he just wrote down everything they told him nicely (later he read it all at the Oscars, when the film won three Oscars).

After a long period, he finds Irwin Winkler and Robert Chartoff, producers who, after reading the script for the film, offered Stallone 125,000 dollars to buy it, because they liked it so much! Although he did not like the idea, Stallone agreed, but with one condition: that he interpret the main role! They didn’t even want to hear. They wanted a script, but not him! Stallone took the script and left. Unbelievably, a man who has nothing to eat, refuses 125,000 dollars. But he had faith and vision.

The same people, after a few weeks, offer him 250,000 dollars, but he refuses them again. The last offer they gave him was 350,000 dollars, and he refused. Either he will be Rocky or he won’t even sell the script. Seeing that he will not give up, they offer him 35,000 dollars and the main role. Rocky agrees and is born – an Italian stallion!

“Rocky” was recorded in 28 days with a budget of one million dollars, and it earned over 225 million! It won three Oscars and was included in the American National Film Registry as one of the best films of all time!

When he got the money from the movie, the first thing he did was buy his dog!

He went in front of the same shop and waited for three days until the owner appeared with “his” dog. When he explained to him why he sold the dog, he offered the man $100,000 dollars to buy him back. He refused! Stallone then offered him $200, then $ 500, $1000, but the new owner did not give in! In the end, he offered him $ 15,000, which he agreed to (Do you remember the dog from the movie? Yes, that’s the famous dog)!

I will end this story with my favorite message from Sylvester Stallone, which he uttered in the movie “Rocky VI”:

“Let me tell you something you already know … The world is not rain and sunsets. In fact, the world is an evil and disgusting place. And it doesn’t matter how strong you are, it hits you and you fall to your knees, and if you let it, it will leave you like that.

Neither you nor anyone else strikes as hard as life.

But it doesn’t matter how hard you get hit, it’s important to stay on that path, and it matters how long you can endure and move on.

That’s what winners do.

And now, if you know how much you are worth, go and achieve what you are worth. But you also have to be able to take the heavy blows of life and not point a finger and say that you are who you are because of this or that. That’s what cowards do. And you’re not a coward”.

“Never defeat only lesson”!



I hope you liked the biography of Sylvester Stallone?

If you have any questions or suggestions, please leave them in the comments!

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What is motivation?

Hello everyone! My name is Marco Vukasinovich, but I signed up on my blog as “MARKOLAKERS”, because “LOS ANGELES LAKERS” is my favorite basketball club!

But, here, it will not be about the Lakers, but about Motivation, a topic that connects all people on this planet and about which I will write to you, in order to bring it closer to you and, if I can, help you achieve your goals and desires!

In everyday speech, we often come across the concept of motivation. Motivation is a concept that is closely related to behavior in all contexts and segments of life and work and is one of the most important factors influencing human behavior. But, it is certainly important to mention that motivation also reflects on the overall personality of the individual and the different contexts in which the individual acts.

The aim of this text is to answer the question of what motivation is and how it works in order to better understand the nature of this phenomenon.

What is motivation?

In order to be able to talk about motivation in general, we must determine its etymological origin, what is it and what does it represent?

Broadly speaking, motivation can be understood as a theoretical term, used to explain human behavior and the various needs that underlie it.

We can look for a slightly closer explanation of this phenomenon in the etymology of the word motivation. Namely, at the core of the term motivation is the Latin word motus, moves, movere – which means to move. However, this Latin word is at the core of English words’ – motion, momentum, but also the words’ emotion – which gives us an insight into the complexity of motivation as a construct.

In accordance with the presented meaning of the term, many theorists understand motivation as the driving force of an individual or more people, which encourages movement, action, which causes a certain behavior and which maintains and directs that behavior towards a goal. Here, it is important to mention the role of emotions, which are understood as the basic driver of action and behavior.

Motivation can be defined as a basic reason, instinct, need or desire that encourages a certain behavior. Motivation encourages us to take action to achieve set goals.

One of the classic definitions of motivation was given by Mullins (2002), who says that “motivation is the driving force by which people achieve their goals, needs and values”. Important elements of this definition relate precisely to the needs, values and goals, which are the basis of motivation that leads to action:

Needs are the basis of survival and can be physical or psychological; for example, hunger, thirst, the need to belong or be respected.

Values are an important element of motivation, because they refer to the belief in what is desirable and useful for an individual. For example, these are: family, health or well-being.

Goals are the outcomes we are guided by.

This definition is particularly interesting because it indicates that motivation, as a driving force, in addition to a certain need, includes values and goals – which largely determine the nature and intensity of motivation. Namely, our needs, values and goals are completely individual – two people can have the same goal, but different needs and values. For example, a person may want to win a race to feel good, or because he sees winning as the embodiment of his values (values that success is important).

Motivation components

In this part, we will try to answer the question – what other factors contribute to achieving the set goals?

When someone has a goal, for example, to run a marathon, lose a few pounds, pass an exam and so on, probably at the very beginning of the goal realization he realizes that the desire, in itself, is not enough to achieve the desired goal. Achieving a goal requires the ability to persevere despite difficulties. When we talk about motivation, we are also talking about perseverance and persistence in realizing the goal.

In this sense, we can talk about three main components of motivation: activation, persistence and intensity:

Activation involves the decision to initiate certain behavior. If we take participation in a marathon as an example of a goal, activation would refer to joining a group of runners preparing for a marathon, or starting independent preparation.

✓ Persistence refers to continuous goal-oriented effort, although obstacles may exist. An example of perseverance can be regular and dedicated training and preparation for the race, in order to achieve the set goal – a marathon, although it requires a significant investment of time, energy and resources.

✓ Intensity can be understood as the amount of concentration and energy that is directed towards achieving the goal. In the example of a marathon, intensity can be represented by the fact that one runner can prepare without much effort – by irregular exercise, while others would not miss group / individual training, would practice independently, get informed and read about preparations for the race. For the first we can say that it has less intensity, while the second achieves its goal with much stronger intensity.

Some theories that explain how motivation works

Although understanding these components of motivation is important for a more detailed understanding of it, the question can still be asked why some people can invest more persistence or intensity than others? What factors contribute to a better motivation of an individual? Numerous theories of motivation have tried to give an answer to this question, each from its own perspective. Here I will introduce you to the Theory of Achievement, the Theory of Attribution, as well as the key settings of internal and external motivation.

Achievement Theory (McClelland, 1961; Atkinson, 1974)

The goal of achievement theory is to explain why some individuals are more motivated to achieve than others. The theory is based on two psychological principles: the motive of the individual to achieve success and the motive of the individual to avoid failure. According to this approach, if a person’s inner motives for participation and challenge are stronger than their fear of failure, they will engage in more demanding and challenging tasks / activities. On the other hand, if their fear of failure is stronger than their internal motives for involvement, they will avoid complex and risky tasks, and resort to familiar and simpler things.

However, this individual characteristic does not have to be the only factor influencing motivation. Another important factor is the role of the context in which the individual finds himself – in terms of the probability of success and the incentive to succeed. An individual who has a low level of intrinsic motivation can become motivated if the probability of achieving success is high and the reward for achieving success is significant (according to Open Learn, Motivation and affecting motivation factors).

Attribution theory (Weiner, 1985)

Attribution theory focuses on how people explain their success or failure. According to this theory, people tend to understand the reasons why things happen, and attribution, as a process of searching for answers that try to explain the intentions, inner properties, motives and personality traits that determine behavior, enables understanding of actions and behavior.

According to this theory, people try to establish whether these behaviors are caused by external (individual environment) or internal (motives, attitudes, abilities) factors. Attributions, indirect. the explanations we create are important because they affect motivation indirect. The performances and explanations we create will have an impact on our self-confidence, as well as on the expectation of future success. It can also help us feel better, more confident, and the level of self-confidence will affect our motivation, because the more we believe in ourselves, the higher our motivation will be. For example, a winning tennis player may become more confident and willing to participate in new competitions before avoiding them (according to Open Learn, Motivation and affecting motivation factors).

Internal and external motivation

When we ask ourselves why we do the things we do and what drives our behavior, psychologists give different answers and reasons, and some of them refer to where the motivation comes from, indirect. to sources of motivation – whether the motivation comes from external or internal sources.

Motivation research is based on identifying the reasons why individuals spend personal resources to achieve various goals. The reasons are different and change over time, but are usually divided into external and internal motivational factors.

There are various divisions of motivation! But, the most important division is into internal (intrinsic) and external (extrinsic)! All other divisions and sub types are classified in these two basic ones!

Internal (intrinsic) motivation

Inner motivation refers to behavior that triggers inner satisfaction. In other words’, when the motivation for some kind of behavior or action in individuals comes from within because it is something that suits him naturally, we are talking about intrinsic motivation. This type of motivation is in contrast to external motivation, which includes engaging in behavior in order to earn rewards or avoid penalties.

When you do an activity for the sake of pure enjoyment of it, you do it because you are inherently motivated. Your motivation for a certain type of behavior comes entirely from the inside, and not from the desire to gain some kind of external satisfaction such as rewards, money or recognition.

External (extrinsic) motivation

Extrinsic motivation occurs when we are motivated to behave or engage in an activity in order to earn a reward or avoid punishment. That is, in this case, our behavior is not because we enjoy it or because we think it is right, but to get something in return or to avoid some unpleasant situation.

The award is characteristic of this type of motivation. Of course, the reward does not mean anything bad, but the question arises whether, for example, one learns because of the promised reward or some higher goals.

Extrinsic motivation is often less desirable than intrinsic motivation. When people are motivated in this way, the quality of their engagement, perseverance and creativity are usually of poorer quality.

Not only can external motivation interfere with internal motivation, but it is also inferior when it comes to motivation

External or internal motivation: which is better?

We cannot say that one form of motivation is better than another. Both internal and external motivation can effectively influence human behavior and encourage the execution of a certain action. It is also worth noting that the effectiveness of a particular type of motivation may vary in individuals. For example, some people prefer external rewards, while others place more emphasis on personal satisfaction.

In general, intrinsic motivation is considered the strongest incentive to achieve long-term goals. If an individual has a strong inner motivation, it is very likely that he will be successful in performing tasks. People who are intrinsically motivated are more likely to be:

Successful -achieve better results

• Dedicated – have a stronger sense of personal commitment

• Persistent -perform more persistently and are less likely to give up when faced with problems

• Creative – they are more creative and come up with new ideas and solutions more easily. Internal motivation is an important component of creativity, and as such it is inherent as the driving force of a successful entrepreneur.

But it also says that a person cannot always be intrinsically motivated.

Despite the shortcomings, extrinsic motivation remains important, especially in education and the workplace. Not every activity is pleasant for everyone, and not everyone can equally love the same things and be in favor of them. Therefore, in the absence of intrinsic motivation, we rely on extrinsic motivation to get the job done.

In organizational behavior, this type of motivation plays a crucial role in determining the behavior patterns of company employees. In any organization or company, employees are additionally motivated by the compensation they receive for their work. However, salary is not the only external factor of motivation, because many organizations provide many other rewards, such as bonuses, commissions, fees.

We must also recognize that intangible external rewards such as praise and recognition of work are usually very important to employees. This is one of the key managerial skills.

Overall, internal and external motivation form the underlying reasons, attitudes, and goals that encourage human behavior. They lie at the core of the very reason why we do something.

On one side YOU are, with all the virtues and flaws you possess! On the other side is your GOAL you want to achieve! And, between you and your goal is FAITH IN YOURSELF, PERSISTENCE, CONTINUOUS STRUGGLE, PAIN, FEAR, HOPE…, and all this is united by MOTIVATION !!!

It can be summed up in an inspirational thought, a “simple” word, in the form of a motivational message or anything that will encourage people to fight for what they want!

Each of my texts on Motivation, I will end with a sentence that motivates me, that is, inspires and guides me through life:


This was the first in a series of texts about motivation, a topic that I will write about in detail and I will try to present it as well as possible together with you!

If you have any suggestions that you would like me to write about when it comes to Motivation, feel free to contact me, and I will do my best to process them in the best way and as soon as possible and make them available!

I wish you all the best and see you soon!

And, don’t forget: “NEVER DEFEAT, JUST A LESSON” !!!



I hope you liked the content “What is motivation”?

If you have any questions or suggestions, please leave them in the comments!

For more motivational content, you can visit the sites https://motivationbymarco.com/ or https://www.psychologytoday.com/



About Marco

Hi everyone and welcome to my How To Motivate Yourself website. I m Marco Vukasinovic and in this place, I will try to bring you closer to a topic that permeates all worlds of life! It hits you – that’s the motivation and let’s find out what it’s about?

“Who slowly goes, far reaches”!

In the above title is a Chinese proverb, my favorite, that guides me through life! In the past twenty years of my life, I have proven the truth of these words and personally convinced myself how important patience and motivation are for success in any segment of life! During all that time, I did various jobs and met different people who, in one way or another, helped me gain knowledge and skills that will change my life!

I was born and live in Serbia, I m 39 years old (I was born on Marc 5., 1982.) and I graduated from the Faculty of Security! I am a communicative and friendly person who likes to meet other people.

Also, I love basketball, travel, quizzes, books, music and, what attracted me the most, the motivation, I was want to write about!

What do you need?

“Who finds himselfhimself, he can lose nothing more”! In my opinion, this is the most important goal that people should strive for – to find inner peace and develop their potentials for their own and the good of others.

How do I do that? Who should I contact? Where should I go? These and many other questions, will we try to answer together? I will share with you, both my own and the experiences of people from different fields, and we will draw certain lessons from their examples!

“The person you are waiting for is YOU”!

This is the point of the whole story! You can hire the best coaches for life, read the best literature, everything that is written on my website, but only YOU will bring about a change in your life by APPLYING what you have read and learned! I know it won’t be easy because I know it from my experience! But patience, perseverance and hard work will lead to the results you want! “When it starts to hurt, then the boundaries move”!

So, let’s push the boundaries and write new chapters in our lives…

If you ever need a hand or have questions, feel free to leave them below and I will be more than happy to help you out.

All the best,


How To Motivate Yourself